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BRASSICACEAE (Cruciferae) MUSTARD FAMILY

Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz, except as noted

Annual to shrub; sap pungent, watery. Leaf: generally simple, alternate; generally both basal, cauline; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally not bracted. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals 4, generally free; petals (0)4, forming a cross, generally white or yellow to purple; stamens generally 6 (2 or 4), 4 long, 2 short (3 pairs of unequal length); ovary 1, superior, generally 2-chambered with septum connecting 2 parietal placentas; style 1, stigma entire or 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule, generally 2-valved, "silique" (length >= 3 × width) or "silicle" (length < 3 × width), dehiscent by 2 valves or indehiscent, cylindric or flat parallel or perpendicular to septum, segmented or not. Seed: 1–many, in 1 or 2 rows per chamber, winged or wingless; embryo strongly curved.
± 330 genera, 3780 species: worldwide, especially temperate. [Al-Shehbaz et al. 2006 Plant Syst Evol 259:89–120] Highest diversity in Mediterranean area, mountains of southwestern Asia, adjacent central Asia, western North America; some Brassica species are oil or vegetable crops; Arabidopsis thaliana used in experimental molecular biology; many species are ornamentals, weeds. Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desvaux in cultivation only. Aubrieta occasional waif in central North Coast Ranges, Carrichtera annua (L.) DC. in South Coast, Iberis sempervirens L., Iberis umbellata L. in Peninsular Ranges, Teesdalia coronopifolia (Bergeret) Thell., Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) W.T. Aiton in southern Outer North Coast Ranges, Central Coast. Cardaria, Coronopus moved to Lepidium; Caulostramina to Hesperidanthus; Guillenia to Caulanthus; Heterodraba to Athysanus; California taxa of Lesquerella to Physaria; Malcolmia africana to Strigosella. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Brassicaceae

LEPIDIUM PEPPERGRASS, PEPPERCRESS
Annual to perennial herb (shrub); hairs 0 or simple. Leaf: basal rosetted or not, petioled, entire, dentate, to 1–3-pinnately lobed; cauline short-petioled to sessile, base occasionally lobed to clasping. Inflorescence: elongated or congested. Flower: sepals erect or spreading, oblong to ovate, base not sac-like; petals linear to obovate, white or yellow (pink or purple), occasionally reduced or 0; stamens 2, 4, or 6. Fruit: silicle, generally dehiscent, oblong to ovate, obcordate, or round (spectacle-shaped), flat perpendicular to septum (inflated), unsegmented. Seed: 2(4), gelatinous when wet; wing narrow or 0.
220 species: all continents except Antarctica. (Greek: little scale, from fruit) [Al-Shehbaz et al. 2002 Novon 12:5–11]
Unabridged references: [Hitchcock 1936 Madroño 3:265–300]

Key to Lepidium

L. latipes Hook.
NATIVE
Annual, puberulent or stiff-hairy. Stem: erect decumbent, 1 or several from base, 0.2–1.5(3.8) dm, simple or branched. Leaf: basal not rosetted, early-deciduous, 2–10 cm, linear, entire, dentate, or pinnately divided into 2–10 lobe pairs; mid-cauline similar, smaller, entire, base tapered, not lobed. Inflorescence: compact, cylindric to head-like, elongated or not; rachis puberulent, hairs cylindric. Flower: sepals 1.1–1.4 mm, ovate; petals 1.9–3 mm, 0.8–1.3 mm wide, obovate-oblong, ± green, hairy abaxially, margin fringed; stamens 4. Fruit: 5–7 mm, 2.8–4 mm wide, oblong-ovate, tip winged, notch 1.4–2.8 mm; valve walls thick, with a mixture of long, much shorter hairs, strongly net-veined; style 0; pedicel 2.5–5 mm, strongly flattened, appressed, erect to ± ascending, puberulent throughout (only adaxially). Seed: 2–2.4 mm, oblong.
Alkaline soils, vernal pool margins, salt marsh edges, pastures; < 700 m. North Coast, North Coast Ranges, Great Central Valley, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, Inner South Coast Ranges, South Coast; Baja California. [Lepidium latipes var. heckardii Rollins] Mar–Jun [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: Lepidium latipes var. heckardii differs from Lepidium latipes var. latipes solely on having stems elongated, simple at base (vs short and branched basally), but these 2 forms grow mixed in most populations.

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Next taxon: Lepidium montanum

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 16 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Lepidium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=30545, accessed on Apr 16 2014

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Bioregions in which Lepidium latipes occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.