|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub; sap pungent, watery.
Leaf: generally simple, alternate; generally both basal, cauline; stipules 0.
Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally not bracted.
Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals 4, generally free; petals (0)4, forming a cross, generally white or yellow to purple; stamens generally 6 (2 or 4), 4 long, 2 short (3 pairs of unequal length); ovary 1, superior, generally 2-chambered with septum connecting 2 parietal placentas; style 1, stigma entire or 2-lobed.
Fruit: capsule, generally 2-valved, "silique" (length >= 3 × width) or "silicle" (length < 3 × width), dehiscent by 2 valves or indehiscent, cylindric or flat parallel or perpendicular to septum, segmented or not.
Seed: 1–many, in 1 or 2 rows per chamber, winged or wingless; embryo strongly curved.
± 330 genera, 3780 species: worldwide, especially temperate. [Al-Shehbaz et al. 2006 Plant Syst Evol 259:89–120] Highest diversity in Medit area, mtns of sw Asia, adjacent c Asia, w North America; some Brassica species are oil or vegetable crops; Arabidopsis thaliana used in experimental molecular biology; many species are ornamentals, weeds. Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desvaux in cultivation only. Aubrieta occasional waif in c NCoR, Carrichtera annua (L.) DC. in SCo, Iberis sempervirens L., Iberis umbellata L. in PR, Teesdalia coronopifolia (Bergeret) Thell., Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) W.T. Aiton in s NCoRO, CCo. Cardaria, Coronopus moved to Lepidium; Caulostramina to Hesperidanthus; Guillenia to Caulanthus; Heterodraba to Athysanus; CA taxa of Lesquerella to Physaria; Malcolmia africana to Strigosella. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Brassicaceae
Annual to perennial herb ( shrub); hairs 0 or simple.Key to Lepidium
Leaf: basal rosetted or not, petioled, entire, dentate, to 1–3-pinnately lobed; cauline short-petioled to sessile, base occasionally lobed to clasping.
Inflorescence: elongated or congested.
Flower: sepals erect or spreading, oblong to ovate, base not sac-like; petals linear to obovate, white or yellow (pink or purple), occasionally reduced or 0; stamens 2, 4, or 6.
Fruit: silicle, generally dehiscent, oblong to ovate, obcordate, or round (spectacle-shaped), flat perpendicular to septum (inflated), unsegmented.
Seed: 2(4), gelatinous when wet; wing narrow or 0.
220 species: all continents except Antarctica. (Greek: little scale, from fruit) [Al-Shehbaz et al. 2002 Novon 12:5–11]
Unabridged references: [Hitchcock 1936 Madroño 3:265–300]
Annual; hairs stiff, spreading.
Stem: erect to ascending, 0.2–1.3(2) dm, few to many from base, outer decumbent, simple.
Leaf: basal not rosetted, early- deciduous, (1.5)2.2–5.7(7) cm, pinnately lobed or divided, lobes linear to narrowly oblong, entire; mid- cauline sessile, blade 1–5 cm, 0.5–2 mm wide, linear, entire ( linear lobed), base tapered, not lobed.
Inflorescence: elongate, rachis hairs stiff, cylindric, straight.
Flower: sepals 0.7–1.1 mm; petals 0; stamens 4.
Fruit: 2.5–3.5 mm, 2–2.8 mm wide, ovate, flat, tip winged, notch 0.5–0.7(0.8) mm, U-shaped; valve walls thin, stiff-hairy ( glabrous), strongly net-veined; style 0; pedicel (1.6)1.9–2.5(3) mm, strongly flattened, erect to ± ascending, stiff-hairy throughout (only adaxially).
Seed: 1.2–1.8 mm, ovate.
Saline soils, dry stream beds, roadsides, sandy flats, fields, meadows, dried pools; < 1600 m. Inner North Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada Foothills, Great Central Valley, Inner South Coast Ranges, e South Coast, n Western Transverse Ranges, Great Basin Floristic Province, w Mojave Desert;
Previous taxon: Lepidium densiflorum
Next taxon: Lepidium didymum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
Copyright © 2012 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month