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Key to families | Table of families and genera

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Nancy R. Morin, except as noted

Annual to perennial herb [tree]. Leaf: generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers 1; terminal or in axils of leaf-like or reduced bracts. Flower: bisexual, cleistogamous or open, radial or bilateral, inverted (pedicel twisted 180°) or not; hypanthium generally present, ± fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, petals generally fused, tube deeply divided on 1 side or not, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or ± fused (anthers, filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior or 1/2 inferior (superior in fruit), chambers 1–3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2–5-branched. Fruit: generally capsule, open on sides or top by pores or short valves. Seed: many.
± 90 genera, ± 2500 species: worldwide. [Haberle et al. 2008 J Molec Evol 66:350–361] Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia). Subfamilies sometimes treated as families. Positions of flower parts given after flowering inversion, if any. Parishella moved to Nemacladus. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Lammers 2007 World Checklist and Bibliography of Campanulaceae. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.]

Key to Campanulaceae


1 sp. (Anagram of E.L. Greene, American botanist, 1843–1915)

L. limosa (Greene) McVaugh LEGENERE
Annual, emergent or terrestrial, glabrous. Stem: reclining, 10–30 cm; lateral branches erect, slender, stiff, fleshy or not. Leaf: cauline, narrowly triangular, entire, sessile, early-deciduous. Inflorescence: raceme, terminal; axis ± zigzag; bract 1 per flower, 6–12 mm, ovate, leaf-like, spreading; pedicels 6–20 mm in fruit. Flower: not inverted; sepals 1/6–1/4 ovary, triangular; corolla white, 0 in lower flowers or not, tube ± 1.5 mm, cylindric, split abaxially ± to base, 2-lipped, 2 abaxial lobes ± 2 mm, narrow, erect, 3 adaxial lobes ± 2 mm, obovate; stamens fused into tube, anthers 0.5–1 mm, free in age or not, 2 shorter minutely appendaged; ovary inferior, ± 3.5 mm, narrowly obconic, stigma head-like, smooth. Fruit: 6–10 mm, 1–2 mm diam, ± > hypanthium, cylindric, top rounded, chamber 1; open at top. Seed: 1 mm, elliptic, shiny, chestnut-brown.
Wet areas, vernal pools, ponds; < 950 m. s North Coast Ranges, s Sacramento Valley, n San Joaquin Valley, San Francisco Bay Area (Santa Cruz Mtns, Mount Hamilton Range). [Howellia limosa Greene] May–Jun [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 30 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Legenere, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 30 2015

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click for enlargement Legenere limosa
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2000 John Game

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Legenere limosa Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.