Directory       News       Site Map       Home
         
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon

FABACEAE (Leguminosae) LEGUME FAMILY

Martin F. Wojciechowski, except as noted

Annual to tree. Leaf: generally alternate, generally compound, generally stipuled, generally entire, pinnately veined Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, umbel or head; or flowers 1–few in axils. Flower: generally bisexual, generally bilateral; hypanthium 0 or flat to tubular; sepals generally 5, generally fused; petals generally 5, free, fused, or lower 2 ± united into keel (see 3, Key to Groups, for banner, wings); stamens 10 or many (or [1], 5, 6, 7, 9), free or fused or 10 with 9 filaments at least partly fused, 1 (uppermost) free; pistil 1, ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, ovules 1–many, style, stigma 1. Fruit: legume, including a stalk-like base (above receptacle) or not. Seed: 1–many, often ± reniform, generally hard, smooth.
± 730 genera, 19400 species: worldwide; with grasses, requisite in agriculture, most natural ecosystems. Many cultivated, most importantly Arachis, peanut; Glycine, soybean; Phaseolus, beans; Medicago, alfalfa; Trifolium, clovers; many orns. [Lewis et al. (eds) 2005 Legumes of the World. RBG, Kew] Unless stated otherwise, fruit length including stalk-like base, number of 2° leaflets is per 1° leaflet. Upper suture of fruit adaxial, lower abaxial. Anthyllis vulneraria L. evidently a waif, a contaminant of legume seed from Europe. Laburnum anagyroides Medik., collected on Mount St. Helena in 1987, may be naturalized. Ceratonia siliqua L., carob tree (Group 2), differs from Gleditsia triacanthos L. in having evergreen (vs deciduous) leaves that are 1-pinnate (vs 1-pinnate on spurs on old stems, 2-pinnate on new stems) with 2–5(8) (vs 7–17) 1° leaflets, commonly cultivated, now naturalized in southern California. Aeschynomene rudis Benth. <Noxious weed>, Halimodendron halodendron (Pall.) Voss <Noxious weed> (possibly extirpated), Lens culinaris Medik. are agricultural weeds. Caragana arborescens Lam. only cultivated. Ononis alopecuroides L. <Noxious weed>, Sphaerophysa salsula (Pall.) DC. <Noxious weed> all evidently extirpated. Cercidium moved to Parkinsonia; Chamaecytisus to Cytisus; Psoralidium lanceolatum to Ladeania. —Scientific Editors: Martin F. Wojciechowski, Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Fabaceae

LATHYRUS WILD PEA

Kelly Steele & Duane Isely

Annual, perennial herb, unarmed, glabrous or hairy (glandular), generally rhizomed. Stem: sprawling, climbing, or erect; angled, flanged, or winged. Leaf: generally even-1-pinnate; stipules persistent, upper lobe > lower; main axis ending as tendril or short bristle; leaflets ± rolled in bud, 0–16 (if 0, stipules leaflet-like), ± opposite or alternate, linear to widely ovate. Inflorescence: raceme, generally axillary, 1–many-flowered. Flower: upper calyx lobes generally <, wider than lower; corolla 8–30 mm, pink-purple or pale, occasionally white or yellow; 9 filaments fused, 1 free; style ± flat, puberulent near ± middle for ± 1/3–1/2 adaxially. Fruit: dehiscent, oblong, ± flat.
± 150 species: temperate North America, South America, Mediterranean, Eurasia. (Ancient Greek name) Seeds of most alien species. TOXIC to humans, livestock (especially horses). [Broich 2007 Madroño 54:63–71] Some species variable, intergrading with others; some hybridization probable. Lathyrus aphaca L. (leaflets 0, stipules leaflet-like) not naturalized in California.
Unabridged references: [Broich 1987 Syst Bot 12:139–153; Broich 2007 Madroño 54:63–71; Kenicer et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92: 1199–1209.]

Key to Lathyrus

L. latifolius L. PERENNIAL SWEET PEA
NATURALIZED
Perennial herb, glabrous, often robust. Stem: wings often >= 2 mm wide. Leaf: stipules small or large; leaflets 2, 5–14 cm, lanceolate to ovate; tendril branched, coiled. Inflorescence: 4–15-flowered. Flower: calyx tube > lobes; corolla 20–25 mm, pink, pink-purple, or red. Fruit: glabrous.
2n=14. Disturbed areas, especially roadsides; generally < 2000 m. California Floristic Province; sporadic to eastern United States; native to Europe. Cult as ornamental. Locally conspicuous. Apr–May [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Lathyrus lanszwertii var. tracyi
Next taxon: Lathyrus littoralis

Contact/Feedback

Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 29 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Lathyrus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=30318, accessed on Jul 29 2014

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.


click for enlargement Lathyrus latifolius
See CalPhotos for additional images
2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Bioregions in which Lathyrus latifolius occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
View elevation by latitude chart Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

 

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.