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VERBENACEAE VERVAIN FAMILY

Dieter H. Wilken

Annual to shrub [tree], generally hairy. Leaf: cauline, opposite, generally toothed; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or head, generally elongated in fruit; bract generally 1 per flower. Flower: bisexual; calyx generally 4–5-toothed; corolla 4–5-lobed, radial to bilateral, salverform to 2-lipped; stamens 4–5 (if 4, generally in unequal pairs), epipetalous; ovary superior, 2- or 4-lobed, generally 2- chambered, style 1, often with 2 unequal lobes, only 1 stigmatic, lateral. Fruit: 2 or 4 nutlets, drupe-like, or capsule.
± 31 genera, ± 920 species: especially America tropics. Some cultivated (Lantana, Verbena, Vitex); some weedy worldwide (Lantana); some used for wood (Tectona, teak). Avicennia included in Acanthaceae. [Marx et al. 2010 Amer J Bot 97:1647–1663] —Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Verbenaceae

LANTANA
Strong-smelling. Stem: prostrate to erect, branched. Leaf: blades oblong to ovate. Inflorescence: spike or head, wider than long, not elongated in fruit; involucre bracts many, inner bracts 1 per flower. Flower: calyx ± cylindric, tip truncate to 4–5-toothed; corolla 4–5-lobed, ± salverform; stamens 4; ovary 2- chambered, ovule 1 per chamber, stigma lateral. Fruit: nutlets 2, ± spheric, drupe-like.
± 150 species: tropics, especially America (few Asia, Africa). (Latin: ancient name for Viburnum, which this resembles) Lantana camara L., Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. are waifs.

Key to Lantana

L. camara L.
WAIF
Inflorescence: involucre bracts 2–3 mm wide. Flower: corolla 8–11 mm.
Disturbed slopes, abandoned fields; < 200 m. Sacramento Valley, South Coast; naturalized ± worldwide; perhaps native to Caribbean. All year [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Lantana
Next taxon: Lantana montevidensis

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 27 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Lantana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=30167, accessed on Nov 27 2014

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click for enlargement Lantana camara
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2001 James B. Gratiot

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Lantana camara Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.