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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub [ tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic.
Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled.
Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted.
Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled.
Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1–2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2.
Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth.
± 230 genera, 7200 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula, lavender; Mentha, mint; Rosmarinus, rosemary; Thymus, thyme), some cult as ornamental (in CA Cedronella, Leonotis, Monarda, Phlomis). [Harley et al. 2004 Fam Generally Vasc Plant 7:167–275] Moluccella laevis L., shell flower, historical waif in CA. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele subsp. ascendens (Jordan) Briq. reported as alien but not naturalized. Salazaria moved to Scutellaria; CA Satureja moved to Clinopodium. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Lamiaceae
1 sp. (Latin: like Lamium) [Stace 1989 Watsonia 17:443] Occ included in Lamium.
Perennial, ± sparsely hairy.
Stem: prostrate to erect, 15–60 cm; generally stoloned at least after flower begins.
Leaf: petiole 1–3 cm; blade 2–9 cm, ovate to ± round, crenate or generally coarsely toothed, generally variegated, base truncate to ± cordate, tip acute to acuminate.
Inflorescence: terminal and axillary, head-like, ± sessile, 2–10-flowered.
Flower: calyx 7–10 mm, lobes ± equal, generally acuminate; corolla 14–25 mm, bright yellow with ± brown spots, 2-lipped, upper lip hood-like, lower ± equally 3-lobed, middle lobe ± > laterals, triangular, entire, acute, tube > calyx, with ring of hairs within; stamens fertile, generally enclosed by upper lip, anthers generally hairy; style ± equally 2-lobed.
Fruit: nutlets triangular in ×-section, tip truncate.
2n=18,36. Woodland, shady fields; < 100 m. North Coast;
Previous taxon: Lamiastrum
Next taxon: Lamium
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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