|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub [tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic. Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled. Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted. Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1–2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, ± flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2. Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth.
± 230 genera, 7200 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula, lavender; Mentha, mint; Rosmarinus, rosemary; Thymus, thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in California Cedronella, Leonotis, Monarda, Phlomis). [Harley et al. 2004 Fam Generally Vasc Plant 7:167–275] Moluccella laevis L., shell flower, historical waif in California. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele subsp. ascendens (Jordan) Briq. reported as alien but not naturalized. Salazaria moved to Scutellaria; California Hyptis moved to Condea, California Satureja moved to Clinopodium. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Lamiaceae
1 sp. (Latin: like Lamium) [Stace 1989 Watsonia 17:443] Occasionally included in Lamium.
Perennial herb, ± sparsely hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect, 15–60 cm; generally stoloned at least after flower begins. Leaf: petiole 1–3 cm; blade 2–9 cm, ovate to ± round, crenate or generally coarsely toothed, generally variegated, base truncate to ± cordate, tip acute to acuminate. Inflorescence: terminal and axillary, head-like, ± sessile, 2–10-flowered. Flower: calyx 7–10 mm, lobes ± equal, generally acuminate; corolla 14–25 mm, bright yellow with ± brown spots, 2-lipped, upper lip hood-like, lower ± equally 3-lobed, middle lobe ± > laterals, triangular, entire, acute, tube > calyx, with ring of hairs within; stamens fertile, generally enclosed by upper lip, anthers generally hairy; style ± equally 2-lobed. Fruit: nutlets triangular in ×-section, tip truncate.
2n=18,36. Woodland, shady fields; < 100 m. North Coast; widespread North America; native western Europe to western Asia. Noxious weed in Washington.
Unabridged note: 3–4 subspecies recognized in Fl. Europaea.
Apr–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Lamiastrum
Next taxon: Lamium
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 4 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Lamiastrum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=30148, accessed on Sep 4 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Lamiastrum galeobdolon|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month