Directory       News       Site Map       Home
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon


Alan R. Smith & Andy Murdock

Plant free-floating or stranded on mud, generally 1–5 cm, often fan-shaped; roots pendent from stem forks, unbranched. Stem: forked repeatedly or pinnate, thread-like, easily fragmented at joints. Leaf: alternate, in 2 rows, sessile, often overlapped, 0.5–1.5 mm, seemingly paired but actually of 2 ± round to ovate lobes; upper lobe floating or emergent, thick, ± green or ± red, margin ± white, adaxial surface smooth or generally with papillae; lower lobe submersed, generally ± larger, thinner, ± white. Sporangia: in seemingly axillary cases of 2 kinds, cases generally in pairs of 1 kind. Male sporangium case: 1.2–2 mm diam, spheric; tip dark-pointed; wall transparent; sporangia generally 20–100+, long-stalked; spores 32 or 64, spheric, in generally 3–6 barbed masses. Female sporangium case: 0.2–0.4 mm diam, hemispheric or spheric; tip obtuse, covered by dark, conic, spongy structures that aid in flotation; wall ± opaque; sporangium 1, sessile; spore 1, spheric.
1 genus, ± 6 species: ± worldwide. When Salvinia and Azolla in same family, the name is Salviniaceae. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged note: Barbs evidently on neither sporangia nor spores, but on cells surrounding spore masses. If Salvinia is included in the same family with Azolla, as is sometimes done, the name for the inclusive family would be Salviniaceae.

Previous taxon: Asplenium viride
Next taxon: Azolla


Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Azollaceae, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.