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RUBIACEAE MADDER FAMILY

Robert E. Preston & Lauramay T. Dempster, except as noted

Annual to tree, vine. Leaf: generally opposite (whorled), entire; stipules generally fused to stem, adjacent pairs occasionally fused, or occasionally leaf-like and appearing like whorled leaves. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, spike, cluster, or flower 1, generally terminal and ± axillary. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx ± 4(5)-lobed, occasionally 0 (Galium, Crucianella) or 6 (Sherardia); corolla generally radial, 4(5)-lobed; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes, generally included; ovary generally inferior, chambers generally 2 or 4, style 1(2). Fruit: drupe, berry, or 2 or 4 nutlets [capsule].
± 500 genera, 6000 species: worldwide, especially tropics; many cultivated, including Coffea, coffee; Cinchona, quinine; many ornamental. [Robbrecht & Manen 2006 Syst & Geogr Plant 76:85–146] Diodia teres Walter doubtfully in California. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Dempster 1979 Fl California 4(2):1–47]

Key to Rubiaceae

KELLOGGIA
Perennial herb from thin rhizome. Leaf: opposite; stipules ± scale-like, base fused. Inflorescence: cyme, terminal, open, flowers few, pedicel long, slender. Flower: calyx 4–5-lobed; corolla funnel-shaped, 4–5-lobed; styles 2, fused proximally. Fruit: nutlets 2, wider distally.
2 species: western North America, China. (Albert Kellogg, pioneer California botanist, 1813–1887)

K. galioides Torr.
NATIVE
Stem: erect, 15–40 cm, ± 4-angled. Leaf: 19–38 mm, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, occasionally with smaller axillary leaves. Flower: calyx inconspicuous; corolla pink or white, tube slender, throat short, lobes lanceolate. Fruit: hairs hooked.
± open places in conifer forest; 700–3110 m. Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges, Modoc Plateau; to Washington, Montana, Wyoming, New Mexico. May–Aug [Online Interchange]

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Next taxon: Sherardia

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 22 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Kelloggia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=29890, accessed on Sep 22 2014

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click for enlargement Kelloggia galioides
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2003 Penn Martin II

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Kelloggia galioides Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.