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PLANTAGINACEAE PLANTAIN FAMILY

Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted

Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1–few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4–5, generally fused at base; corolla 4–5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1–2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2–4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
110 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553; Olmstead et al. 2001 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Plantaginaceae

KECKIELLA BUSH PENSTEMON

Margriet Wetherwax & Noel H. Holmgren

Subshrub or shrub. Stem: wand-like to much-branched. Leaf: drought-deciduous, ± opposite or in 3s, distal occasionally alternate; sessile to short-petioled. Inflorescence: panicle or spike-like; bracts reduced. Flower: calyx lobes 5, ± equal; corolla ± white, ± yellow, or red, short-glandular outside, upper lip ± hooded, 2-lobed, lobes rounded, external in bud, lower lip rounded, lobes often reflexed; stamens 4, filaments attached at 1 level, densely nonglandular-hairy at base, anthers small, glabrous, anther sacs generally spreading flat at dehiscence; staminode well developed, glabrous to densely bearded; nectary a disk; stigma unlobed. Fruit: septicidal and sometimes also loculicidal at tip, ovoid. Seed: many, irregularly angled.
7 species: especially California, western Nevada, western Arizona, Baja California. (David D. Keck, California botanist, 1903–1995; Keckia used earlier, for genus of fossil algae) [Freeman et al. 2003 Syst Bot 28:782–790] Red-flowered species are hummingbird-pollinated.
Unabridged references: [Straw 1966 Brittonia 18:80–95; Wolfe et al. 2002 Syst Bot 27:138–148]

Key to Keckiella

K. cordifolia (Benth.) Straw
NATIVE
Stem: often spreading, < 30 dm; young stems glabrous to short-hairy. Leaf: ± opposite; blade 20–65 mm, ovate, base rounded to cordate, margin generally shortly 3–11-toothed. Inflorescence: glandular and stiffly hairy, generally more densely hairy than herbage. Flower: calyx 7–13 mm, lobes ± lanceolate; corolla 31–43 mm, red to red-orange, tube 18–25 mm, throat indistinct, upper lip 11–21 mm; anther sacs 1.1–1.5 mm; staminode densely yellow-hairy, included.
2n=16. Chaparral, forest; < 1600 m. s Outer South Coast Ranges, Southwestern California; northern Baja California. May–Jul [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Keckiella breviflora var. glabrisepala
Next taxon: Keckiella corymbosa

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 31 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Keckiella, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=29882, accessed on Jul 31 2014

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click for enlargement Keckiella cordifolia
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2002 Lynn Watson

Bioregions in which Keckiella cordifolia occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.