|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: bark often peeling distinctively. Leaf: simple or 0, generally cauline, alternate, opposite (whorled), evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted; pedicel often with 2 bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, bell-shaped, cylindric, or urn-shaped; sepals generally (0)4–5, generally free; petals generally (0)4–5, free or fused; stamens (2–5)8–10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers dehiscing by pores or slits, awns 0 or 2(4), seemingly abaxial, reduced or elongate, generally curved; nectary generally present at ovary base, generally disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1–5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1–many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry. Seed: generally many, winged or not.
± 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium. [Kron et al. 2002 Bot Rev 68:335–423] Monophyletic only if Empetraceae included, as treated here. Ledum included in Rhododendron. Non-green plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates. —Scientific Editors: Gary D. Wallace, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Ericaceae
Shrub [small tree]; evergreen. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: opposite [alternate, whorled], margins flat or rolled under. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in leaf axils [raceme], pedicel jointed to flower. Flower: sepals 5, fused near base; petals 5, fused, corolla generally rotate to cup-shaped with pockets holding anthers until dehiscence; stamens 10, filaments recurved toward corolla; ovary superior, chambers 5, placenta axile. Fruit: septicidal capsule, dehiscing tip to base, valves 5. Seed: small.
9–10 species: North America, Cuba. (P. Kalm, student of Linnaeus, collector of eastern North America plants, 1716–1779)
Unabridged references: [Southall & Hardin 1974 J Elisha Mitchell Sci Soc 90:1–23]
Plant 1–7 dm, mat-forming. Stem: ascending, glabrous or sparsely hairy, young stems with 2 edges. Leaf: 4–60 mm, 3–25 mm wide, linear to ovate or oblong, abaxially pale green to white, finely canescent. Inflorescence: bracts deciduous. Flower: corolla 7–11 mm, pink to rose-purple. Fruit: 4–5(7) mm wide.
2n=24,48. Peat bogs, moist meadows, rock crevices; 1000–3500 m. Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, Warner Mountains; northern North America. [Kalmia microphylla (Hook.) A. Heller; Kalmia polifolia subsp. microphylla (Hook.) Calder & Roy L. Taylor] 2 subspecies previously recognized evidently based on variation caused directly by altitude. Jun–Aug [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Kalmia polifolia subsp. polifolia]
Previous taxon: Kalmia
Next taxon: Leucothoe
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 25 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Kalmia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=29874, accessed on Oct 25 2014
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
Gerald and Buff Corsi © 2001 California Academy of Sciences
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Kalmia polifolia|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month