Directory       News       Site Map       Home
         
    Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Previous taxon

ZYGOPHYLLACEAE CALTROP FAMILY

Duncan M. Porter

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, often armed; caudex present or not. Stem: branched; nodes often angled, swollen. Leaf: 1-compound, opposite, petioled; stipules persistent or not; leaflets entire. Inflorescence: flowers 1–2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; sepals 5, free, persistent or not; petals 5, free, generally spreading, twisted (corolla propeller-like) or not; stamens 10, appendaged on inside base or not; ovary superior, chambers (and lobes) 5–10, each with 1–several ovules, placentas axile. Fruit: capsule or splitting into 5–10 nutlets (= mericarps).
27 genera, ± 250 species: widespread especially in warm, dry regions; some cultivated (Guaiacum, lignum vitae; Tribulus, caltrop). [Sheahan & Chase 2000 Syst Bot 25:371–384] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Zygophyllaceae

KALLSTROEMIA
Annual, unarmed. Stem: spreading radially, prostrate to ascending, < 1 m. Leaf: even-1-pinnate; stipules narrow, green. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in axils. Flower: sepals persistent or not; petals yellow to orange, persistent, withering. Fruit: 10-lobed, splitting into 10 tubercled nutlets; style persistent; pedicel reflexed. Seed: 1 per chamber.
17 species: warm and tropical America. (Anders Kallstroem, obscure contemporary of Scopoli, author of genus, 1733–1812) [Porter 1969 Contr Gray Herb 198:41–153]

Key to Kallstroemia

K. grandiflora A. Gray
WAIF
Stem: decumbent to ascending, < 1 m; both densely silky and sharply bristly. Leaf: stipules 4–10 mm; leaflets 8–16. Flower: peduncle >> subtending leaf; sepals persistent, >> fruit body, spreading, margins strongly inrolled; petals 15–30 mm, yellow to orange, darker at base. Fruit: 2–3 mm wide, ovoid; style 3 × fruit body.
Uncommon. Sandy roadsides; 300–900 m. Sonoran Desert (near Desert Center, Riverside Co.; Jacumba, San Diego Co.); expected but evidently not yet found elsewhere; native Arizona to Texas, western Mexico. Sep–Oct [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Kallstroemia californica
Next taxon: Kallstroemia parviflora

Contact/Feedback

Name search

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 25 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Kallstroemia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=29859, accessed on Oct 25 2014

Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.


click for enlargement Kallstroemia grandiflora
See CalPhotos for additional images
Robert Potts 2002 California Academy of Sciences

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Kallstroemia grandiflora Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

 

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.