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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Shrub, tree [woody vine]; nectaries often on stem, leaf, calyx, ovary. Leaf: generally 1–3-pinnate or -palmate (or simple), generally opposite or whorled. Flower: bisexual, showy; calyx generally 5-lobed, 2-lipped or not; corolla funnel- or bell-shaped, 5-lobed, generally 2-lipped; stamens epipetalous, generally 4, paired, a 5th vestigial (a staminode) [or 0]; ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas 4, axile (or chamber 1, placentas 2–4, parietal), style long, stigma 2-lobed. Fruit: generally capsule, long, cylindric to ± round, sometimes flat, 2-valved. Seed: many, flat, generally winged.
81 genera, 827 species: generally tropics, especially South America; many ornamental (Campsis, trumpet creeper; Catalpa; Jacaranda). [Alcantara & Lohmann 2010 Amer J Bot 97:782–795] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Lohmann, L. G. 2006 Untangling the phylogeny of neotropical lianas (Bignonieae, Bignoniaceae). American J Bot 93:304–318; Lohmann, L. G. & C.U. Ulloa 2006 http://www.iplants.org/]
Key to Bignoniaceae
50 species: Central America (except Mexico), South America, Caribbean. (Brazilian common name) [Jones et al. 2005 Amer Naturalist 166:543–555]
Plant >= 15 m; deciduous. Leaf: opposite, 2-pinnate, 15–30 cm, leaflets 13–31, narrow-elliptic. Inflorescence: panicle, terminal. Flower: calyx ± 1 mm, wide-bell-shaped, purple-green, glabrous, margin puberulent or not; corolla 3–4 cm, fragrant, purple-blue; tube white inside, hairy outside; stamens included, anther sac 1; staminode exserted, glandular-hairy. Fruit: 3.2–6 cm, ± round, flat. Seed: 0.9–1.2 cm, oblong; glabrous.
2n=40. Urban areas; 500–2800 m. South Coast; Hawaii, Florida, Mexico, South America. May–Sep
Previous taxon: Jacaranda
Next taxon: Boraginaceae
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 22 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Jacaranda, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=29483, accessed on Jul 22 2014
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