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ISOETACEAE QUILLWORT FAMILY

W. Carl Taylor & Jon E. Keeley

Perennial herb, aquatic to terrestrial. Stem: buried, corm-like, 2–3-lobed, corky, brown. Leaf: simple, in grass-like tufts, spirally arranged on stem top, erect to spreading, < 30 cm, linear above base. Sporangium: solitary, embedded in wide leaf base, < 1 cm, ± covered by a translucent membrane, male or female; male spores > 10000, < 0.045 mm, ± bean-shaped, gray or brown in mass; female spores 20–200, 0.2–0.7 mm, spheric, white, ± smooth, ridged, tubercled, or prickly.
1 genus, 200+ species: worldwide. [Taylor et al. 1993 FNANM 2:64–75] —Scientific Editors: Alan R. Smith, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Pfeiffer 1922 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 9:79–233]

ISOETES QUILLWORT
(Greek: evergreen, from habit of some species) Perhaps most poorly known lycophyte genus. Mature female spores, found in decaying leaf bases or soil, critical for identification, as are hand lens for texture when dry, microscope with micrometer for size. Hybrids (spores of variable size, shape) common between aquatic species, making them less distinct.

Key to Isoetes

I. occidentalis L.F. Hend.
NATIVE
Plant underwater. Leaf: evergreen, < 20 cm, rigid, brittle, tapered to tip, dark green; base brown-white. Sporangium: membrane covering < 50%; male spores 0.035–0.045 mm, gray in mass; female spores 0.5–0.7 mm, ridged, tubercled.
2n=66. Persistent lakes, pools; > 1500 m. Klamath Ranges, High Sierra Nevada; to British Columbia, Colorado. Hybridizes with Isoetes bolanderi, Isoetes echinospora. Spores mature late summer. [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Isoetes nuttallii
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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 31 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Isoetes, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=29404, accessed on Jul 31 2014

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Bioregions in which Isoetes occidentalis occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.