|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Perennial herb, shrub, tree, woody vine; juvenile, flower plants generally unlike. Stem: generally branched. Leaf: simple or compound, generally alternate; stipules ± fused to ± sheathing, petiole base or 0. Inflorescence: umbels 1 to panicled; bracts deciduous or not. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, generally < 5 mm; sepals generally 5, fused at base, inconspicuous, persistent; petals generally 5, free, ± white to green, deciduous; stamens generally 5, generally alternate petals; ovary inferior, chambers 1–15, 1-ovuled, styles as many as chambers, free or fused, persistent. Fruit: berry or drupe, occasionally flat, dry.
47 genera, 1350 species: especially tropics, subtropics medicinal (e.g., Panax, ginseng; Aralia, sarsaparilla), ornamental (e.g., Aralia, Fatsia, Hedera, Polyscias). [Plunkett et al. 2004 Plant Syst Evol 245:1–39] —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Araliaceae
Perennial herb, creeping or sprawling, glabrous [hairy]; rhizomes or stem rooting at nodes. Leaf: simple; petiole scarious-stipuled, not sheathing; blade ± round, peltate or not, entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: simple umbels, occasionally spikes, open or dense; bracts 0 or inconspicuous; pedicels 0–many, spreading. Flower: calyx lobes 0 or minute; petals obtuse or acute, ± green to ± yellow-white or ± purple, tip not incurved. Fruit: elliptic to round, very compressed side-to-side; ribs ± equal, thread-like, distinct or not; oil tubes 0, fruit wall with individual oil cells; fruit central axis not obvious. Seed: face flat to convex.Key to Hydrocotyle
± 100 species: worldwide, especially southern hemisphere. (Greek: water cup, apparently from leaf shape) Hydrocotyle moschata G. Forst., Hydrocotyle ranunculoides, and Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides Lam. occasionally reported as lawn weeds.
Floating or creeping. Leaf: petiole 0.5–4.5 cm; blade generally 1–5 cm wide, round, peltate, shallowly, crenately, ± equally 8–20-lobed, or margin crenate. Inflorescence: peduncles 1.5–35 cm; open umbel, 10–60-flowered; pedicels 2–25 mm, unequal, spreading to reflexed. Fruit: 1–2 mm, elliptic; ribs obtuse.
2n=48. Lake margins, ponds, slow-moving streams, marshes; < 1400 m. n Sierra Nevada Foothills (scattered), c High Sierra Nevada, Great Central Valley, Southwestern California (except Channel Islands, Western Transverse Ranges), s&w edge Mojave Desert; to eastern North America, South America. Mar–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Hydrocotyle ranunculoides
Next taxon: Hydrocotyle verticillata
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 21 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Hydrocotyle, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=28610, accessed on Sep 21 2014
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Hydrocotyle umbellata|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month