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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub, some aquatic.
Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite ( whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0.
Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1–few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract.
Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4–5, generally fused at base; corolla 4–5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1–2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, 2–4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2.
Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
110 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553; Olmstead et al. 2001 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic CA genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). CA Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Plantaginaceae
1 sp.: se CA. (Arthur H. Holmgren (1912–1992), Noel H. Holmgren (b. 1937), Patricia K. Holmgren (b. 1940)) [Ghebrehiwet et al. 2000 Plant Syst Evol 220:223–239]
Unabridged references: [Elisens 1985 Syst Bot Monogr 5:1–97]
Perennial, glandular-puberulent to -hairy.
Stem: erect to pendent, densely branching, becoming woody at base.
Leaf: generally alternate; petiole 12–27 mm, not twining; blade 12–35 mm, 14–27 mm wide, ± round to reniform, irregularly bristly- dentate; veins palmate.
Inflorescence: flowers 1 in leaf axils; pedicel 1–4 mm.
Flower: sepals 5, ± equal, 9–13 mm, irregularly bristly- dentate; corolla white to pale yellow, tube- throat 20–24 mm, sac-like extension at base absent, floor with 2 longitudinal yellow folds, lower lip base generally not swollen, generally not closing mouth; stamens included, lower filaments 7–9 mm, upper 12–14 mm; style 9–10 mm.
Fruit: 8–10 mm, ± spheric; chamber 1, septum incomplete, dehiscent by 2–3 pores.
Seed: many, 2–3 mm, pitted.
Limestone crevices of canyons; 700–1700 m. n Mojave Desert (Titus, Fall canyons, Death Valley region, Inyo Co.).
Previous taxon: Holmgrenanthe
Next taxon: Keckiella
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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