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CARYOPHYLLACEAE PINK FAMILY

Ronald L. Hartman & Richard K. Rabeler, except as noted

Annual to perennial herb; rarely dioecious (Silene), taprooted or rhizome generally slender. Leaf: simple, generally opposite (subwhorled), entire, pairs at nodes often ± connected at bases; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally open; flowers 1–many; involucre generally 0 (present in Dianthus, Petrorhagia). Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium often present but obscure; sepals (4)5, ± free or fused into a tube, margins generally scarious, more so on inner 2 or not, tube generally not scarious, awns generally 0; petals (4)5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, limb expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, limb generally without scale-like appendages adaxially, generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries 0 or 5; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 with 0 branches or 1 with 2–3 branches. Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely ± dehiscent), generally sessile. Seed: appendage generally 0 (present in Moehringia).
83 or 89 genera, 3000 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temperate northern hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Sagina, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria). [Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:3–215] Apetalous Caryophyllaceae can also be keyed in Rabeler & Hartman 2005 FNANM 5:5–8. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.

Key to Caryophyllaceae

GYPSOPHILA BABY'S-BREATH
Annual to perennial herb, erect, taprooted or rhizomed. Leaf: blade ± lanceolate to oblong; veins 1–3, often faint. Inflorescence: generally panicle-like, terminal; flowers ± few to many; pedicels 1–35+ mm. Flower: sepals 5, fused, glabrous or glandular-hairy, tube ± prominent, ± 1.3–5 mm, 0.8–2 mm diam, cup- to bell-shaped, round to angled in ×-section, white-scarious between sepals, veins ± 5, teeth 0.2–1 mm, < tube, lanceolate to triangular; petals 5, ± 2.2–9 mm, claw long, limb entire to notched; styles 2, 1.2–2.5 mm. Fruit: capsule, oblong to spheric; teeth 4, ascending to recurved. Seed: 2–several, black.
150 species: temperate Eurasia, northern Africa, Australia. (Greek: gypsum lover, from habitat of 1 sp.) [Pringle 2005 FNANM 5:153–156]

Key to Gypsophila

G. paniculata L. BABY'S-BREATH
NATURALIZED
Perennial herb 50–90 cm; rhizome stout. Leaf: blade 2–9 mm wide, ± lanceolate. Inflorescence: openly branched; flowers many; pedicels glabrous. Flower: calyx 1–3 mm, glabrous; petals 1.5–2 × calyx, white.
2n=34,68. Disturbed areas; 1200–2100 m. Inner North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, n&c High Sierra Nevada, San Joaquin Valley, Central Coast, Outer South Coast Ranges, South Coast, Great Basin Floristic Province, Mojave Desert; to British Columbia, northeastern North America; native to central and eastern Europe, adjacent Asia. Infestations widely scattered. Summer–fall {Weed listed by Cal-IPC} [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Gypsophila paniculata var. paniculata]

Previous taxon: Gypsophila elegans
Next taxon: Gypsophila scorzonerifolia

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 28 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Gypsophila, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=27446, accessed on Jul 28 2014

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click for enlargement Gypsophila paniculata
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© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Bioregions in which Gypsophila paniculata occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.