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Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1–many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). [Porter & Johnson 2000 Aliso 19:55–91] Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Polemoniaceae
Annual. Stem: decumbent to erect, glabrous, hairy, glandular, or tufted-woolly-hairy. Leaf: simple, 1–2-pinnate-lobed or -dissected, generally alternate, tips acute, acuminate, or mucronate; basal generally in rosette, entire, toothed, or 1–2-pinnate-lobed; cauline generally reduced. Inflorescence: flowers 1–many in bract axils. Flower: calyx membranous between lobes, membranes splitting or expanding in fruit; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate, acute or acuminate. Fruit: spheric to ovoid; chambers 3; valves separating from top, to base and detaching or not to base and staying attached to receptacle. Seed: 3–many, yellow to brown, gelatinous when wet.Key to Gilia
± 40 species: western North America, South America. (Filippo L. Gilii, Italian naturalist, 1756–1821) Stamens, styles said to be exserted protrude beyond fused part of corolla, that is, beyond corolla throat. Other taxa in TJM (1993) moved to Aliciella, Lathrocasis, Linanthus, Navarretia, Saltugilia. Gilia mexicana A.D. Grant & V.E. Grant recently found in San Diego Co.
Unabridged note: Gilia can be challenging to identify. Several small-flowered species are only cryptically different from one another and many traits overlap. In order to successfully use the key, it is important to note pattern and distribution of flower color at the time of collection, as it may fade upon drying. Depauperate specimens may be particularly difficult if not impossible to identify using ordinary means. Descriptions of flowers follows previous authors (Day 1993; Grant & Grant 1956) in subdividing fused part of corolla into tube (basal part with parallel sides) and throat (flared part distal to tube). It is important to note that in some cases these definitions do not refer to homologous parts of the corolla.
Stem: branches spreading or erect, generally many, 6–30 cm, leafy, sparsely tufted-woolly-hairy to long-shaggy-hairy, occasionally also sparsely glandular in inflorescence. Leaf: basal 2–6 cm, 1–2-pinnate-lobed, axis, lobes narrowly linear, ascending. Inflorescence: open clusters; flowers 2–5. Flower: calyx 4–5 mm, 5–6 mm in fruit, hairy or glandular, lobes wider than membranes, membranes generally purple; corolla 6–8 mm, tube, throat generally included, funnel-shaped, pale yellow, purple-spotted, lobes 3–5 mm wide, light blue or white; stamens, style included or ± exserted. Fruit: 3–4.8 mm, < calyx, ovoid, valves separating only in upper 1/3, not detaching. Seed: (15)24–36.
2n=36. Common. Open, grassy areas; < 1500 m. s North Coast Ranges, Central Western California, Channel Islands, Western Transverse Ranges, South Coast, Peninsular Ranges; Arizona (alien), Baja California. Feb–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Gilia capitata subsp. tomentosa
Next taxon: Gilia clokeyi
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 7 2013
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Gilia clivorum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=26880, accessed on Dec 7 2013
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© 2010 Neal Kramer
|Bioregions in which Gilia clivorum occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in eFlora and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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