|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to perennial herb [to trees]. Stem: decumbent to erect, < 2 m, simple or branched. Leaf: simple, cauline, sometimes also basal, opposite or whorled, entire, sessile or basal ± petioled; stipules 0. Flower: bisexual, radial, parts in 4s or 5s except pistil 1; sepals fused, persistent; petals fused, ± persistent, sinus between lobes often unappendaged; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, often intruding, stigmas 1–2. Fruit: capsule, 2-valved. Seed: many.
± 90 genera, 1800 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Eustoma, Exacum, Gentiana). [Struwe & Albert 2002 Gentianaceae. Cambridge Univ Press] Gentianella tenella moved to Comastoma. Key to genera revised by Bruce G. Baldwin. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Wood & Weaver 1982 J Arnold Arbor 63:441–487; Struwe & Albert 2002 Gentianaceae: Systematics and Natural History. Cambridge Univ Press]
Key to Gentianaceae
Annual, perennial herb, glabrous. Leaf: basal, cauline, opposite. Inflorescence: flower 1 per stem or branch. Flower: parts in 4s; calyx tube distinct, lobes lanceolate, acuminate; corolla funnel-shaped, blue (white), lobes <= tube, oblong to elliptic-obovate, obtuse or rounded, ± entire to serrate, jagged, or fringed, without fringes or scales on adaxial surface, nectary pits 0 (nectaries on corolla tube near base); ovary stalked, style short or indistinct, persistent, entire, stigmas 2.Key to Gentianopsis
± 15 species: temperate North America, Eurasia. (Greek: resembling Gentiana) Gentianopsis thermalis (Kuntze) H.H. Iltis occurs near California, in Nevada.
Unabridged note: Efforts should be made to find in California Gentianopsis thermalis (Kuntze) H.H. Iltis [Gentianopsis detonsa (Rottb.) Ma var. elegans (A. Nelson) N.H. Holmgren] (stems 1–several, generally branched; basal leaves generally present at flower; corolla (20)35–75 mm, lobes proximally fringed, distally dentate), which occurs very near the state line in Nevada (Washoe County; Lake Tahoe, creek at Incline, alt. 6200 ft., sandy beach along stream).
Perennial herb from root-sprouts, stems well separated, 4–40 cm. Stem: erect. Leaf: basal, lower cauline < 20 mm, < 5 mm wide, spoon-shaped, withering early (especially basal), upper cauline several, < 25 mm, < 6(8) mm wide, lance-elliptic, obtuse to acute. Inflorescence: peduncle 1.3–11(14) cm, generally < 2.5(4) × subtending internode, < whole stem. Flower: calyx 9–27 mm; corolla 17–45 mm. Seed: striate-ridged, pointed.
Wet meadows; 1200–3400 m. Klamath Ranges, High North Coast Ranges, High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, San Bernardino Mountains; to Oregon, Montana. Jul–Sep [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Gentianopsis holopetala
Next taxon: Swertia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Apr 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Gentianopsis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=26681, accessed on Apr 20 2014
Copyright © 2013 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Bioregions in which Gentianopsis simplex occurs|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
|View elevation by latitude chart|| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month