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Shrub, small tree; dioecious. Leaf: simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade ± leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy. Inflorescence: catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts. Staminate flower: (1)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered. Pistillate flower: (1)3 per bract; pedicel ± 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3). Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, turning dark blue, black, or white-gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent. Seed: generally 2.
1 genus, 14 species: western United States, Central America, Caribbean; some cultivated. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Dahling 1978 Contr Gray Herb 209:1–104]
(N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson's Bay Co., explorer of Pacific Northwest with David Douglas, 1782–1856) Intergradation among California species raises doubt about taxonomic status.Key to Garrya
Shrub < 3 m. Leaf: 21–120 mm, 11–70 mm wide, 1.3–2.4 × longer than wide, generally flat, ovate- to obovate-elliptic; margin flat; abaxial hairs 0 (or sparse on young leaves), straight to ± wavy, appressed toward leaf tip. Fruit: hairs 0 or near tip sparse.
Chaparral, foothill woodland, montane forest; 300–2300 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range, n&s Sierra Nevada Foothills, n&c High Sierra Nevada, Sacramento Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, Peninsular Ranges, Warner Mountains; to Washington, western Nevada. Jan–Apr [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Garrya flavescens
Next taxon: Garrya veatchii
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 2 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Garrya, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=26464, accessed on Mar 2 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Garrya fremontii|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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