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GARRYACEAE SILK TASSEL FAMILY

Thomas F. Daniel

Shrub, small tree; dioecious. Leaf: simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade ± leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy. Inflorescence: catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts. Staminate flower: (1)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered. Pistillate flower: (1)3 per bract; pedicel ± 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3). Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, turning dark blue, black, or white-gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent. Seed: generally 2.
1 genus, 14 species: western United States, Central America, Caribbean; some cultivated. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Dahling 1978 Contr Gray Herb 209:1–104]

GARRYA SILK TASSEL BUSH
(N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson's Bay Co., explorer of Pacific Northwest with David Douglas, 1782–1856) Intergradation among California species raises doubt about taxonomic status.

Key to Garrya

G. congdonii Eastw.
NATIVE
Shrub < 3 m. Leaf: 15–70 mm, 7–35 mm wide, 1.3–2.6 × longer than wide, flat to ± concave-convex, ovate- to obovate-elliptic; margin flat to strongly wavy; abaxial hairs dense, fine, wavy, appressed toward leaf tip. Fruit: hairs dense.
Chaparral; 180–750 m. Northwestern California, High Cascade Range, n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area. Seems to intergrade equally with Garrya elliptica, Garrya flavescens. Feb–Apr [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Garrya buxifolia
Next taxon: Garrya elliptica

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Oct 20 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Garrya, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=26463, accessed on Oct 20 2014

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Garrya congdonii Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.