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Thomas F. Daniel

Shrub, small tree; dioecious. Leaf: simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade ± leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy. Inflorescence: catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts. Staminate flower: (1)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered. Pistillate flower: (1)3 per bract; pedicel ± 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3). Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, turning dark blue, black, or white-gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent. Seed: generally 2.
1 genus, 14 species: western United States, Central America, Caribbean; some cultivated. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Dahling 1978 Contr Gray Herb 209:1–104]

(N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson's Bay Co., explorer of Pacific Northwest with David Douglas, 1782–1856) Intergradation among California species raises doubt about taxonomic status.

Key to Garrya

G. flavescens S. Watson
Shrub < 3 m. Leaf: 19–75 mm, 9–45 mm wide, 1.3–3.3 × longer than wide, flat to ± concave-convex, elliptic to obovate-elliptic; margin flat to wavy; abaxial hairs sparse to ± dense, ± coarse, straight to ± curved, appressed toward leaf tip. Fruit: hairs generally dense.
Desert slopes, chaparral, pine/oak woodland; 650–2350 m. Northwestern California, Sierra Nevada, San Joaquin Valley, Central Western California, Southwestern California, Mojave Desert; to Utah, Arizona, northern Baja California. Variation in hairiness not related to geography in California. Feb–Apr [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Garrya elliptica
Next taxon: Garrya fremontii


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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Mar 30 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Garrya, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Mar 30 2015

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Garrya flavescens Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.