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Shrub, small tree; dioecious. Leaf: simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade ± leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy. Inflorescence: catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts. Staminate flower: (1)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered. Pistillate flower: (1)3 per bract; pedicel ± 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3). Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, turning dark blue, black, or white-gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent. Seed: generally 2.
1 genus, 14 species: western United States, Central America, Caribbean; some cultivated. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Dahling 1978 Contr Gray Herb 209:1–104]
(N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson's Bay Co., explorer of Pacific Northwest with David Douglas, 1782–1856) Intergradation among California species raises doubt about taxonomic status.Key to Garrya
Shrub, small tree, < 8 m. Leaf: 18–107 mm, 14–72 mm wide, 1.2–2.6 × longer than wide, flat to ± concave-convex, elliptic; margin ± to strongly wavy, often rolled under, appearing crenate or dentate; abaxial hairs dense, curly-wavy, interwoven, sparse in age or not. Inflorescence: in fruit 18–28 mm wide. Pistillate flower: (1)3 per bract. Fruit: hairs dense.
2n=22. Seacliffs, sand dunes, chaparral, foothill-pine woodland; < 800 m. North Coast, Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, Central Western California (except Inner South Coast Ranges); western Oregon. Jan–Mar [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Garrya congdonii
Next taxon: Garrya flavescens
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 1 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Garrya, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=26460, accessed on Sep 1 2014
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Garrya elliptica|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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