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GARRYACEAE SILK TASSEL FAMILY

Thomas F. Daniel

Shrub, small tree; dioecious. Leaf: simple, opposite, evergreen, petioled; blade ± leathery, flat to concave-convex, margin entire, flat, rolled under, or strongly wavy. Inflorescence: catkin-like, pendent; flowers small, in axils of opposite, 4-ranked, basally fused bracts. Staminate flower: (1)3(4) per bract, pedicelled; perianth parts 4, generally fused at tips; stamens 4, alternate perianth parts, filaments free, anthers 2-chambered. Pistillate flower: (1)3 per bract; pedicel ± 0 or short; perianth 0 or vestigial with 2 small appendages; ovary inferior, chamber 1, styles 2(3). Fruit: berry, spheric to ovoid, green, fleshy, turning dark blue, black, or white-gray, dry, brittle, not or irregularly dehiscent. Seed: generally 2.
1 genus, 14 species: western United States, Central America, Caribbean; some cultivated. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Dahling 1978 Contr Gray Herb 209:1–104]

GARRYA SILK TASSEL BUSH
(N. Garry, 1st secretary of Hudson's Bay Co., explorer of Pacific Northwest with David Douglas, 1782–1856) Intergradation among California species raises doubt about taxonomic status.

Key to Garrya

G. elliptica Lindl.
NATIVE
Shrub, small tree, < 8 m. Leaf: 18–107 mm, 14–72 mm wide, 1.2–2.6 × longer than wide, flat to ± concave-convex, elliptic; margin ± to strongly wavy, often rolled under, appearing crenate or dentate; abaxial hairs dense, curly-wavy, interwoven, sparse in age or not. Inflorescence: in fruit 18–28 mm wide. Pistillate flower: (1)3 per bract. Fruit: hairs dense.
2n=22. Seacliffs, sand dunes, chaparral, foothill-pine woodland; < 800 m. North Coast, Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, Central Western California (except Inner South Coast Ranges); western Oregon. Jan–Mar [Online Interchange]

Previous taxon: Garrya congdonii
Next taxon: Garrya flavescens

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 29 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Garrya, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=26460, accessed on Jul 29 2014

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Bioregions in which Garrya elliptica occurs Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.