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Key to families | Table of families and genera

Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted

Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1–few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4–5, generally fused at base; corolla 4–5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1–2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2–4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
110 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553; Olmstead et al. 2001 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Plantaginaceae

Perennial herb, shrub, glabrous to hairy. Stem: erect, arching, or pendent, often much-branched. Leaf: opposite or whorled in 3s, entire; veins pinnate. Inflorescence: raceme. Flower: calyx lobes 5, entire, ± equal; corolla generally red, tube with sac-like extension at base, lower lip base ± swollen, generally not fully closing mouth, not spurred; stamens 4, often exserted, staminode 0; stigma exserted. Fruit: ovoid to spheric; chambers dehiscent by 1–2 pores near tip. Seed: many; ridges thin, netted.
2 species: California, northwestern Mexico. (William Gambel, American naturalist, collector, 1823–1849) [Elisens & Nelson 1993 Syst Bot 18:454–468] South American species remain in Galvezia.
Unabridged references: [Ghebrehiwet et al. 2000 Plant Syst Evol 220:223–239; Oyama & Baum 2004 Amer J Bot 91:918–925; Sutton 1988 A revision of the tribe Antirrhineae. Oxford Univ Press]

Plant spreading, < 1 m, < 2 m wide. Stem: arching, often ± pendent. Leaf: whorled (opposite on seedlings), ± thick. Inflorescence: pedicel 1–2 cm. Flower: calyx 7–10 mm; corolla 2–2.5 cm, bright red. Fruit: 6–7 mm, ovoid, asymmetric; lower chamber larger.
n=15. Rocky cliffs, canyons; 3–500 m. s Channel Islands; Baja California (Guadalupe Island). [Galvezia speciosa (Nutt.) A. Gray] Mar–Jun [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Mar 31 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Gambelia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Mar 31 2015

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click for enlargement Gambelia speciosa
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Rick York and CNPS

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Gambelia speciosa Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.