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Carrie Kiel & R. John Little

1 genus. —Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.

(Annual) [perennial herb] to shrub, generally with rhizome; glands salt-secreting. Stem: prostrate to erect, nodes swollen, generally rooting. Leaf: opposite, 4-ranked, united by a single sheath, ± clustered, simple, 1–15 mm, salt-encrusted, generally persistent; blade obovate to oblong-oblanceolate or elliptic, generally leathery or fleshy, glabrous to hairy, margin entire, rolled under; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, axillary. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; calyx persistent, sepals 4–7, fused, ribbed; petals 4–7, free, white to pink or blue-purple, overlapping, clawed, with adaxial scale-like appendage near base; stamens 3–12(25), 2-whorled, outer whorl shorter; ovary superior, chambers 1–4, styles 1–4, exserted, ovules 1–many. Fruit: loculicidal capsule within persistent calyx. Seed: 1–many, ivory to gold-brown.
90 species: especially coastal and semi-arid regions; soils high in salt, gypsum, or calcium. (Johann Frankenius, colleague of Linnaeus) [Whalen 1987 Syst Bot Monogr 17:1–93]

Key to Frankenia

F. salina (Molina) I.M. Johnst. ALKALI HEATH
Matted subshrub < 3 m diam. Stem: ± prostrate, 1–6 dm, glabrous to hairy. Leaf: blade 4–15 mm, 1–6 mm wide, margins not strongly thickened, weakly rolled under, leathery, abaxially glabrous to sparsely hairy. Inflorescence: 1 to cymose in upper axils. Flower: calyx tube 4–9 mm; petals 6–14 mm, white to pink or blue-purple; stamens generally 6, 5–12 mm; styles 3(4). Fruit: 3–5 mm. Seed: 1–20, 1–1.5 mm, ± ellipsoid.
Salt marshes, alkali flats; < 750 m. Great Central Valley, Central Coast, South Coast, Channel Islands, East of Sierra Nevada, Mojave Desert; to Nevada, Mexico, South America. Apr–Sep [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Frankenia grandifolia Cham. & Schltdl.; Frankenia grandifolia var. campestris A. Gray]

Previous taxon: Frankenia pulverulenta
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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Mar 29 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Frankenia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Mar 29 2015

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Frankenia salina Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.