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Carrie Kiel & R. John Little

1 genus. —Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.

(Annual) [perennial herb] to shrub, generally with rhizome; glands salt-secreting. Stem: prostrate to erect, nodes swollen, generally rooting. Leaf: opposite, 4-ranked, united by a single sheath, ± clustered, simple, 1–15 mm, salt-encrusted, generally persistent; blade obovate to oblong-oblanceolate or elliptic, generally leathery or fleshy, glabrous to hairy, margin entire, rolled under; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally cyme, axillary. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; calyx persistent, sepals 4–7, fused, ribbed; petals 4–7, free, white to pink or blue-purple, overlapping, clawed, with adaxial scale-like appendage near base; stamens 3–12(25), 2-whorled, outer whorl shorter; ovary superior, chambers 1–4, styles 1–4, exserted, ovules 1–many. Fruit: loculicidal capsule within persistent calyx. Seed: 1–many, ivory to gold-brown.
90 species: especially coastal and semi-arid regions; soils high in salt, gypsum, or calcium. (Johann Frankenius, colleague of Linnaeus) [Whalen 1987 Syst Bot Monogr 17:1–93]

Key to Frankenia

F. palmeri S. Watson PALMER'S FRANKENIA
Shrub 10–100 cm diam, rhizome 0. Stem: prostrate, 10–30 cm, generally with scattered hairs. Leaf: blade 2–7 mm, generally < 1 mm wide, ± fleshy, margins strongly thickened, tightly rolled under, abaxial surface densely hairy. Inflorescence: few-flowered in distal axils. Flower: calyx tube 3–5 mm, petals 3–7 mm, white, lower 1/2 generally ± pink; stamens generally 4, 4–9 mm; styles (1)2. Fruit: 2–2.5 mm. Seed: 1, 1.5–2 mm, ovoid-conic.
Alkali flats, coastal marshes, dunes; < 450 m. South Coast; northern Mexico. Apr–Sep [Online Interchange] {CNPS list}

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 26 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Frankenia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 26 2015

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Frankenia palmeri Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.