|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0–3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0–5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5–many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1–many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1–5. Fruit: 1–many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1–5 stones. Seed: generally 1–5 (per fruit, not per flower).
110 genera, ± 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. [Potter et al. 2007 Plant Syst Evol 266:5–43] Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis. —Scientific Editors: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Robertson 1974 J Arnold Arbor 55:303–332, 344–401, 611–662]
Key to Rosaceae
Perennial herb, ± nonglandular, rhizomes short, stolons leafless. Leaf: basal, 1-ternately compound; leaflet teeth generally entire. Inflorescence: cyme, ± umbel-like, open, 1–several-flowered; pedicels recurved in fruit, bractlets 0. Flower: hypanthium shallow, bractlets 5, narrower than sepals; sepals, petals ± obovate, generally white; stamens 20–35, filaments ± flat, pollen sac 1, horseshoe-shaped; pistils many, ovaries superior, jointed to stout style on side. Fruit: achenes many on enlarged, fleshy, red receptacle.Key to Fragaria
± 20 species: generally northern temperate. (Latin: fragrant) [Hancock et al. 2004 Canad J Bot 82:1632–1644] Species intergrade.
Unabridged note: Characters include calyx orientation, fruit size used to define subspecies despite evident lack of taxonomic value.
Stem: generally 3–15 cm. Leaf: thin; petiole generally 3–25 cm; central leaflet stalk < 2 mm, blade 15–70 mm, widely elliptic-obovate, acute to obtuse, teeth generally 12–21, below and above middle, acute or obtuse, central tooth < to > adjacent; leaflets sparsely hairy adaxially, hairier abaxially. Inflorescence: often >> leaves. Flower: generally ± 15 mm wide; hypanthium bractlets often 2-lobed; sepals generally 4–8 mm; petals generally 5–8 mm. Fruit: receptacle 5–10 mm; achene ± 1.5 mm.
n=7. Generally partial shade in forest; 15–2000 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Western California, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges; to eastern North America, Baja California; also Europe. [Fragaria crinita Rydb.; Fragaria vesca subsp. bracteata (A. Heller) Staudt] Hybridizes with Fragaria chiloensis. Jan–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Fragaria chiloensis
Next taxon: Fragaria virginiana
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 30 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Fragaria, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=26021, accessed on Jul 30 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2002 George Jackson
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Fragaria vesca|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month