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SIMAROUBACEAE QUASSIA or SIMAROUBA FAMILY

Robert E. Preston & Elizabeth McClintock

Shrub, tree; generally dioecious. Stem: occasionally thorny; bark often bitter. Leaf: generally alternate, simple, entire, or pinnately compound, leaflets subentire to toothed near base. Inflorescence: panicle, raceme, or flowers 1. Flower: unisexual, inconspicuous; sepals generally 4–5, generally fused at base, generally erect; petals generally 5, free, generally spreading; stamens generally 10, generally on disk, filaments often with a basal scale; pistils 1–8, ovaries superior, 1–2-chambered, 1-ovuled [if pistil 1, chambers generally 2–5, 1-ovuled], styles free or partly fused. Fruit: winged achenes or drupes [berry, nut], in clusters [not].
22 genera, 100 species: tropics, warm temperate; some cultivated. [Clayton et al. 2007 Int J Plant Sci 168:1325–1339] Bark, leaves used traditionally to treat malaria, other ailments. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Brizicky 1962 J Arnold Arbor 43:173–186; Fernando & Quinn 1995 Taxon 44:177–181]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Dec 18 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Simaroubaceae, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=256, accessed on Dec 18 2014

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