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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub, or non-green root parasite, generally bristly or sharp-hairy.
Stem: prostrate to erect.
Leaf: cauline, often with basal rosette, simple or compound, generally alternate.
Inflorescence: cymes, generally elongate, panicle-, raceme-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally uncoiled in fruit, or heads, spikes, or panicles, or flowers 1–2 per axil.
Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla generally (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, appendages 0 or 5 at top of tube, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched.
Fruit: nutlets 1–4, free ( fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not, or valvate or circumscissile capsule.
± 120 genera, ± 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially w North America, Medit; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum). Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. [Olmsted et al. 2000 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. —Scientific Editors: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Boraginaceae
Annual, glandular, sticky, odorous.Key to Eucrypta
Stem: erect, much-branched.
Leaf: simple, 1–3- pinnate-lobed; lower cauline opposite, petioled, upper alternate, upward smaller, sessile, clasping; petioles generally narrow-winged, ciliate.
Inflorescence: terminal or axillary; pedicels thread-like, elongate in fruit.
Flower: calyx < 1/2- fused, bell-shaped, glandular, lobes oblong to spoon-shaped, ciliate; corolla bell-shaped, generally >= calyx, with V-shaped transverse fold between each pair of filaments below throat; stamens included, equal, equally attached; ovary chamber 1 (or appearing ± 5 from complex, enlarged placenta), ovules on both sides of placenta, style 1, stigmas 2.
Fruit: capsule, ovoid to spheric, bristly.
2 species: sw US. (Greek: well hidden, from seeds)
Unabridged references: [Constance 1938 Lloydia 1:143–152]
Stem: erect to spreading, < 9 dm.
Leaf: lower 2–10 cm, 1–5 cm wide, petioles < 1/2 blade, widened, clasping, blade oblong to wide- ovate, 2–3- pinnate-lobed, lobes obtuse, upper leaves smaller, narrower, less lobed, bases clasping.
Inflorescence: flowers 4–15 per branch; pedicels generally recurved in fruit.
Flower: calyx 2–4 mm, lobes spreading, not enclosing fruit; corolla 2–6 mm, lobes hairy abaxially; style < 3 mm.
Fruit: 2–4 mm wide.
Seed: 6–8, dark brown, of 2 kinds, elliptic or round, disk-like, smooth and oblong-ovoid, wrinkled. [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Eucrypta
Next taxon: Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. bipinnatifida
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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