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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual, perennial herb, or ± woody, generally glandular-hairy. Leaf: simple to compound, basal and cauline; cauline alternate or opposite, stipules 2, ± on stem. Inflorescence: cyme or pseudo-umbel or 1–2-flowered. Flower: bisexual [unisexual], radial or ± bilateral; sepals 5, free, overlapping in bud; petals generally 5, free, generally with nectar glands at base; stamens generally 5,10; staminodes scale-like or 0; ovary generally 5-lobed, upper part elongating into beak in fruit, chambers 5, placentas axile, style 1, stigmas 5, free, persistent in fruit. Fruit: septicidal [loculicidal], mericarps 5, dry, generally 1-seeded, each persistent on 1 of 5 linear segments of beak that separate from central column by curving or coiling upward.
6 genera, ± 750 species: temperate, ± tropics. Some cultivated for ornamental, perfume oils. [Bakker et al. 2006 Taxon 55:887–896] —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Bakker, F. T., Breman, F., & Merckx, V. 2006. DNA sequence evolution in fast-evolving mitochondrial DNA nad1 exons in Geraniaceae and Plantaginaceae. Taxon 55: 887–896; Price & Palmer 1993 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 80:661–671]
Key to Geraniaceae
Annual, perennial herb. Leaf: simple to pinnately compound, cauline opposite; blade lanceolate to reniform in outline, puberulent or short-hairy, base cordate to truncate. Inflorescence: umbel. Flower: radial; stamens 5, free, alternate 5 scale-like staminodes. Fruit: mericarp body indehiscent, fusiform, 1-seeded, base sharply pointed, top generally with 1 pit on each side of beak segment, pits subtended by 1–4 ridges or not; beak segments stiffly hairy adaxially, generally twisted.Key to Erodium
± 74 species: temperate America, Eurasia, northern Africa, Australia. (Greek: heron, from bill-like fruit) [Fiz et al. 2006 Syst Bot 31:739–763] Some cultivated for forage, dyes; "beak segments" sometimes called "awns" elsewhere. Erodium macrophyllum moved to genus California.
Unabridged references: [Guittonneau 1972 Boissiera 20:1–154]
Annual. Stem: decumbent to ascending, 1–3 dm, ± soft-hairy. Leaf: deeply 3–5-divided; lower 4–8 cm; blade < petiole, ovate in outline, lower 2 divisions > 10 mm wide, wedge-shaped. Flower: sepals 5–13 mm, tip glabrous to puberulent; petals ± > sepals, pink, purple, or blue. Fruit: body 5–6 mm, pits ± transversely elliptic, subtended by 1–2 hairy or glabrous ridges; style column 5–6 cm.
2n=20, 40, 60. Uncommon. Abandoned fields, disturbed sites; < 500 m. South Coast; native to Australia. Last collected in 1925, "in citrus orchard at Corona, California," suggesting treatment as an historical, agricultural weed might be more appropriate. Mar–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Erodium cicutarium
Next taxon: Erodium malacoides
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 27 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Erodium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=25043, accessed on Mar 27 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Erodium cygnorum|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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