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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Perennial, terrestrial [growing on other plants], non-green (nutrition from association of roots with fungi) or green, generally from rhizomes or tubers with few to many fleshy to slender roots; cauline leaves ± reduced to sheathing stem bracts or not.
Leaf: 1–many, basal to cauline, linear to ± round, alternate to opposite (if only 1 pair), generally sessile.
Inflorescence: flowers 1–many, spike or raceme, bracted.
Flower: bisexual, bilateral, in bud generally rotating 180° by twisting ovary (position of parts indicated after twisting); sepals generally 3, generally free, generally petal-like, uppermost generally erect, lateral with chin- or spur-like projection (mentum) or not; petals 3, 1 ( lip) different, spurred or not; stamens generally 1 (3 in Cypripedium, 2 functional, 1 a staminode), fused with style, stigma into column, pollen generally lumped, generally removed as unit by insect; ovary inferior, 1-chambered, placentas 3, parietal, stigma 3 lobed, generally under column tip.
Seed: many, minute.
± 800 genera, ± 25000 species: especially tropics (worldwide except Antarctica). Many cultivated for ornamental, especially Cattleya, Cymbidium, Epidendrum, Oncidium, Paphiopedilum; Vanilla planifolia Andrews fruits used to flavor food. [Romero-Gonzalez et al. 2002 FNANM 26:490–651] —Scientific Editors: Ronald A. Coleman, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Luer 1975 Orchids US and Can, NY Bot Garden; Coleman 1995 Wild Orchids of California. Cornell Univ.]
Key to Orchidaceae
Key to Epipactis
Leaf: cauline, alternate, gradually reduced upward, lanceolate to wide- ovate, with > 1 lengthwise fold, green, white, or pink.
Inflorescence: ± 1-sided, open; flowers 4+; flower bract ± leaf-like.
Flower: sepals ± alike, lanceolate to ovate, lower spreading to downcurved; lateral petals ascending or curved forward, ± = sepals in shape, color, lip not spurred, abruptly narrowed at ± middle, of 2 very different parts, proximally concave to ± pouch-like, distally grooved to ± not; column curved over lip.
Fruit: spreading to pendent.
± 25 species: North America, Eurasia, n Africa. (Greek: ancient name)
Plant 40–100 cm.
Leaf: 6–10 cm, lanceolate to ovate, green, white, or pink.
Inflorescence: flowers few–20; flower bract linear to narrow- lanceolate.
Flower: sepals ± green, often purple-tinged or -striped; lateral petals 8–11 mm, lip proximally white to ± pink outside, brown to ± purple inside, distally white to ± pink; column 3–5 mm.
Fruit: 1–1.5 cm.
2n=36,38,40,44. Generally dry slopes, roadcuts, mixed-conifer forest; < 1300 m. s Outer North Coast Ranges, s Inner North Coast Ranges, c High Sierra Nevada, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, expected elsewhere;
Previous taxon: Epipactis gigantea
Next taxon: Goodyera
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.|
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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