|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3–6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0–many, generally free; stamens generally 5–many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1–many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0–1, generally ± persistent as beak, ovules 1–many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, ± utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1–many-seeded.
± 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). [Whittemore & Parfitt 1997 FNANM 3:85–271] Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Ranunculaceae
Perennial herb from clustered, slender to fusiform or ± spheric fleshy roots, glabrous. Stem: ascending to erect; branches 0(–few). Leaf: 2-ternate; basal petioles generally > blades, cauline short to ± 0; leaflets wide-ovate to wedge-shaped-obovate, margins entire to deeply 2–3 lobed. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary, cymes or racemes, 2–10 flowered, or flowers 1. Flower: sepals generally 5, petal-like; petals 0; stamens 10–many; pistils 3–10, stalk-like base 0 or short. Fruit: follicle, glabrous, veins obvious, stalk-like base curved or not, occasionally 0, beak straight to recurved. Seed: ± red-brown, smooth, wrinkled or minutely pubescent.Key to Enemion
6 species: temperate North America, Eurasia.
Unabridged references: [Calder & Taylor 1963 Madroño 17:69–76]
Plant 8–34 cm. Stem: 1–3, erect, generally simple. Leaf: 3–12 cm; segment lobes 2–3, generally < 1/2 segment length. Flower: sepals 3–7 mm wide, oblong to ovate, white, occasionally tinged pink; stamens 3–6 mm; pistils 5–8. Fruit: 8–10.5 mm.
Shaded slopes, chaparral, oak woodland, conifer forest; 200–1500 m. Inner North Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada, Central Western California (except Central Coast), n Western Transverse Ranges. [Isopyrum occidentale Hook. & Arn.] Mar–May [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Enemion
Next taxon: Enemion stipitatum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 8 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Enemion, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=24250, accessed on Mar 8 2014
Copyright © 2013 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Bioregions in which Enemion occidentale occurs|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
|View elevation by latitude chart|| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month