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Elizabeth McClintock, except as noted

Shrub, tree, generally thorny, generally densely silvery-hairy throughout; hairs generally scale-like; occasionally ± dioecious. Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite, generally deciduous, entire; petiole generally short; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally umbel-like, axillary; flowers 1–few. Flower: radial; hypanthium rotate to salverform, fleshy in age, lower part generally constricted, persistent, with a nectary disk; sepals generally 4, ± petal-like; petals 0; anthers 4 or 8, ± sessile; ovary superior but appearing inferior, chamber 1, style 1. Fruit: achene enclosed in fleshy hypanthium, appearing drupe- or berry-like.
3 genera, ± 45 species: North America, Europe, Asia, eastern Australia; especially temperate, subtropics. [Graham 1964 J Arnold Arbor 45:274–278] —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Elaeagnaceae

Flower: hypanthium bell-shaped to salverform, lobes 4; stamens ± exserted; disk flask-shaped, enclosing base of style; stigma ± elongate, on 1 side of style.
± 40 species: North America, southern Europe, Asia. (Greek: olive, chaste-tree)

E. angustifolia L. RUSSIAN OLIVE
Plant < 7 m, occasionally thorny. Leaf: 4–8 cm, lanceolate to oblong, more silvery on abaxial surface. Flower: 5–10 mm, ± as wide at top, fragrant; hypanthium ± dark yellow inside, tube ± = lobes. Fruit: 10–20 mm, elliptic in outline, yellow.
Uncommon. Disturbed, sometimes moist places; generally < 2050 m. Sacramento Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, San Gabriel Mountains, San Bernardino Mountains, Peninsular Ranges, Great Basin Floristic Province, Mojave Desert; native to temperate Asia. [Elaeagnus angustifolius L., orth. var.] Cult as ornamental. May–Jun {Weed listed by Cal-IPC} [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Elaeagnus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 25 2015

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click for enlargement Elaeagnus angustifolia
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© 1998 John Randall, Ph.D.

Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Elaeagnus angustifolia Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.