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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual, perennial herb, aquatic, freshwater or marine, glabrous or hairy; monoecious, dioecious, or flowers bisexual.
Leaf: basal, alternate, opposite, or whorled, generally sessile, generally ± sheathing at base.
Inflorescence: axillary, terminal, or scapose, cyme or flowers 1, subtended by ± sheathing, entire or lobed bract; staminate flowers sometimes deciduous, free-floating.
Flower: generally radial; perianth 0 or tube 0 or elongate, peduncle-like in flower; sepals (0)3(4), green; petals (0)3(4), white or not; stamens (0)2–many, generally in 1+ series; ovary inferior, chamber 1 or falsely 6–9, placentas parietal, ovules 1–many, style lobes generally 3, linear, lobed or notched.
Fruit: achene or berry-like and dehiscing irregularly, linear to spheric, submersed.
± 17 genera, ± 130 species: worldwide; some cultivated for aquaria, others noxious weeds. [Haynes 2000 FNANM 22:26–38] Ottelia alismoides (L.) Pers. is a possibly extirpated alien. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Les, D. H. [et al. 2006], Moody, M. L., & Soros, C. L. 2006. A reappraisal of phylogenetic relationships in the monocotyledon family Hydrocharitaceae (Alismatidae). Pp. 211–230, in Columbus, J. T., Friar, E. A., Porter, J. M., Prince, L. M., & Simpson, M. G. (eds), Monocots: Comparative Biology and Evolution. Excluding Poales. Rancho Santa Ana Botanical Garden, Claremont, Ca. [Aliso 22: 211–230.]; Tanaka, N., Uehara, K., & Murata, J. 2004. Correlation between pollen morphology and pollination mechanisms in the Hydrocharitaceae. J. Plant Res. 117:265–276]
Key to Hydrocharitaceae
Perennial, submersed, rooted in mud; dioecious.
Stem: slender, branched or not.
Leaf: opposite below, crowded and in whorls of 3–6 above, sessile, finely to coarsely serrate.
Staminate inflorescence: axillary, sessile; flowers 2–4(5), 1 open at a time; bract slender.
Pistillate inflorescence: [ axillary, sessile; flower 1; bract slender, ± tubular].
Staminate flower: floating; pedicel elongate, peduncle-like, persistent on plant; stamens 9.
Pistillate flower: [floating; perianth tube elongate, peduncle-like; stigmas 3, 3–4-lobed].
2 species: South America. (Latin: mythical water nymph) Only staminate plants observed outside native range. Egeria najas Planch. <Noxious weed> expected but not yet found.
Stem: 2–3 mm thick.
Leaf: 1.2–4 cm, 2–5 mm wide, recurved, narrowly oblong, finely serrate.
Staminate flower: pedicel <= 8 cm; petals 8–10 mm, white, ± round.
Pistillate flower: [as staminate; petals 6–7 mm].
2n=46. Streams, ponds, sloughs; < 2200 m. Sierra Nevada Foothills, Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, San Jacinto Mountains, Great Basin Floristic Province;
Previous taxon: Egeria
Next taxon: Elodea
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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