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Previous taxon Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted

Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1–few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4–5, generally fused at base; corolla 4–5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1–2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2–4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
110 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. [Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 85:531–553; Olmstead et al. 2001 Molec Phylogen Evol 16:96–112] Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated. —Scientific Editors: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Plantaginaceae


Robert E. Preston & Margriet Wetherwax

Annual, fleshy. Stem: erect. Leaf: opposite, sessile to short-petioled, fleshy. Inflorescence: flower 1 in axils; proximal bracts leaf-like, distal scale-like. Flower: calyx 5-lobed; corolla 2-lipped, yellow or pale blue to lavender, upper lip erect, 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed, middle lobe > lateral, tube cylindric, > lobes; fertile stamens 2, anther sacs of each stamen touching, not parallel, staminodes 2. Fruit: loculicidal, spheric.
± 14 species: Africa, Asia, Australia. (Latin: aboriginal name)
Unabridged references: [Fischer 1997 Nord J Bot 17:527–555]

D. junceum (Roxb.) Benth.
Glabrous except pedicels. Stem: 10–30 cm. Leaf: basal few, 10–25 mm, 2–10 mm wide, oblong, tip obtuse; cauline leaves and bracts lance-linear, 2–7 mm, 0.5–2 mm wide. Inflorescence: proximal flowers cleistogamous, sessile; distal flowers open; pedicels 4–11 mm, sparsely glandular, spreading in fruit. Flower: calyx 1–2 mm, lobes fused to middle, tips obtuse; corolla 4–7 mm, pale blue to lavender, tube slightly > calyx. Fruit: ± 2 mm. Seed: net-like.
Uncommon. Emergent in drying wetlands; < 100 m. Sacramento Valley; native to Africa, Asia, Australia. Introduced with rice cultivated. Jun–Sep [Online Interchange]
Unabridged note: Expanded author citation: Dopatrium junceum (Roxb.) Buch.-Ham. ex Benth.

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 30 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Dopatrium, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on Nov 30 2015

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Dopatrium junceum Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.