|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1–10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2–4, not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or ± fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2–several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
10–11 genera, 60–70 species: western North America. [Pires & Sytsma 2002 Amer J Bot 89:1342–1359] —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Themidaceae
Daughter corms generally sessile. Leaf: 2–5, generally keeled, entire, glabrous, occasionally withered by flowering. Inflorescence: raceme- or umbel-like, generally dense; scape generally curved, twisted, or twining, cylindric; bracts ± papery; pedicels generally < flowers. Flower: perianth tube cylindric to bell-shaped, appendages at junction of tube, lobes forming crown; staminodes 0 (3, stamen-like); stamens 3, equal, or 6, unequal, 3 smaller, filaments fused to perianth tube, forming crown-like tube outside anthers, anthers attached at base; style 1, stigma weakly 3-lobed. Fruit: generally sessile, generally ovoid, 3-angled. Seed: sharp-angled, black-crusted.Key to Dichelostemma
5 species: western United States, especially northern California, northern Mexico. (Greek: toothed crown, from perianth appendages) [Keator 1992 Four Seasons 9:24–39]
Leaf: 3–4, 30–85 cm, glaucous, unkeeled. Inflorescence: umbel-like, dense; scape 20–90 cm, scabrous; bracts 7–12 mm, ovate, acuminate, streaked purple; pedicels 3–15 mm; flowers 6–35, erect. Flower: perianth pink- to blue-purple, tube 8–10 mm, ± cylindric, narrowed above ovary, tough, persistent in fruit, lobes spreading, 8–10 mm, crown erect, arching inward toward anthers, outward at tip, 5–6 mm, truncate to rounded, entire to minute-dentate, inrolled, white or pale purple; stamens 3, anthers 4–5 mm; ovary sessile, 4–6 mm, spheric, style 5–8 mm.
n=9,18,27; 2n=45. Foothill grassland, open woodland, scrub; < 2000 m. Northwestern California, n&c Sierra Nevada, Sacramento Valley, San Francisco Bay Area (uncommon), Modoc Plateau; southwestern Oregon. May–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Dichelostemma ida-maia
Next taxon: Dichelostemma volubile
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jan 27 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Dichelostemma, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=22853, accessed on Jan 27 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2002 Christina Raving
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Dichelostemma multiflorum|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month