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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy. Stem: underground to erect; root fibrous or tuberous. Leaf: generally simple, entire, flat, cylindric, 3-angled, or scale-like, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; blade papillate, pubescent, or generally glabrous, often glaucous. Inflorescence: cyme or 1-flowered, generally terminal. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals (3)5(8), often unequal; petals 0 or many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear; stamens 1–many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1–20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0–20. Fruit: berry, nut, or generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile. Seed: 1–many per chamber, generally ovoid, arilled or not.
130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropics, especially southern Africa; many cultivated. [Hartmann 2002 Illus Handbook Succulent Plants Aizoaceae A-E (Vol 1) and F-Z (Vol 2). Springer; Vivrette et al. 2003 FNANM 4:75–91] Galenia pubescens (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Druce, a waif, may be naturalizing in southern California. —Scientific Editors: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Ferren et al. 1981 Madroño 28:80–85; Smith 1998 Mesembs of the World. Briza.]
Unabridged note: Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus (ovary glands convex, minute-crenate; stigmas dense-plumose; fruit chambers 5; seeds ovate, ± smooth), of tribe Ruschieae, an historical waif in California; Lampranthus coccineus (Haw.) N.E. Br.: (ovary glands fused; fruit chambers 5; seeds pear-shaped, ± black, rough), of Ruschieae, an historical waif or urban weed in California.
Key to Aizoaceae
Perennial herb, often taprooted. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: opposite, sessile, < 7 cm, linear, triangular to round in ×-section. Inflorescence: 1-flowered or cyme; bracts present. Flower: 1.5–8 cm diam; sepals 4–8, unequal; petals free; outer stamens sterile, petal-like, inner erect, ± white; nectary glands separate; ovary 1/2-inferior, chambers 5, placentas parietal, stigmas 5, awl-shaped. Fruit: capsule, valves not separating; lid generally 0. Seed: 0.5–1.5 mm, ± spheric, pale brown, generally arilled.
± 160 species: Africa. (Greek: visible seed)
Stem: prostrate, thin, mat-forming, nodes widely spaced, rooting. Leaf: tip often hooked. Inflorescence: few-flowered cyme; pedicel to 2 cm. Flower: 1.5–2.2 cm diam; sepals 5–6, ± unequal; petals linear, white; inner stamens free, forming cone around stigmas. Fruit: not seen.
2n=36. Uncommon. Margins of coastal wetlands, bluffs, stabilized dunes; < 35 m. South Coast, s Channel Islands; native to southern Africa. May–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Delosperma
Next taxon: Drosanthemum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 30 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Delosperma, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=22430, accessed on Mar 30 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Delosperma litorale|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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