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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules 0; blade entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: various. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla ± radial, cylindric to rotate, lobes generally 5; stamens 5, on corolla tube, alternate lobes; ovary superior, generally 2-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, loculicidal or septicidal capsule, [(drupe)], 2–5-chambered.
75 genera, 3000 species: worldwide, especially ± tropics; many alien weeds in California; many cultivated for food, drugs, or ornamental (potato, tomato, peppers, tobacco, petunia); many TOXIC. [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum. Koeltz Scientific Books] Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. is a waif. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Hunziker 2001 Genera Solanacearum: The Genera of Solanaceae Illustrated, Arranged According to a New System by A.T. Hunziker. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein, Germany]
Key to Solanaceae
Annual to subshrub, hairs ± 0 or simple, ill-smelling. Leaf: entire to deeply lobed. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in branch forks. Flower: calyx circumscissile near base, leaving ± rotate collar in fruit; corolla funnel-shaped, white or ± purple, lobes 5(10); stamens attached below tube middle; ovary 2- or 4-chambered. Fruit: capsule, leathery or woody, prickly; valves 2–4 or irregular. Seed: ± flat, black, brown, gray-brown, or tan.Key to Datura
± 13 species: warm regions, especially Mexico; several ornamental, some source of drugs. (Hindu: ancient name) All species. TOXIC.
Annual < 6 dm. Stem: ± glabrous to sparsely hairy. Leaf: 10–20 cm, generally deeply wavy-lobed. Flower: erect; calyx 2–2.5 cm, angled toward base, lobes 2–4 mm; corolla 4.5–5 cm, glabrous, white or pale blue-purple, lobes 2–4 mm, tips short, narrow; filaments 2 cm, anthers 3 mm; style 2.5 cm. Fruit: 4-valved, erect, 25 mm wide; prickles few, 8–22 mm, stout. Seed: ± 4 mm, black.
n=12. Disturbed areas; < 200 m. n Sierra Nevada Foothills (Amador Co.), n San Joaquin Valley, Outer South Coast Ranges; native to Mexico, southern South America. Hybridizes with Datura stramonium. Apr–Jun [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Datura discolor
Next taxon: Datura stramonium
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Mar 6 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2012. Datura, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=22381, accessed on Mar 6 2014
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