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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Perennial in soil or rock crevices; rhizome generally short-creeping, ascending, or erect, scales small to large, generally tan to brown, generally uniformly colored.
Leaf: generally tufted or short-spaced, 5–200+ cm, generally ± alike; stipe firm or fleshy (easily crushed), base darker or not, with 2 vascular strands; blade generally 1–3- pinnate, ± glabrous or with hairs, hair-like scales, or gland-tipped hairs on axes, veins generally free (or netted); rachis, costa generally grooved adaxially.
Sporangia: sori round, oblong, J-shaped, or linear along veins; indusia 0 or oblong, J-shaped, reniform, or linear, or of many segmented hair- or scale-like fragments or lobes encircling sorus from below; spores elliptic, winged, ridged, or spiny, scar linear.
± 15 genera, 700 species: worldwide, especially tropics, wooded areas, but some genera (e.g., Cystopteris, Woodsia) generally temperate. See note, reference (Smith et al. 2006 Taxon 55:705–731) under Dryopteridaceae for removal of genera from that family to this. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Woodsiaceae
Rhizome generally short-creeping.
Leaf: stipe ± fleshy, often with few scales, base ×-section with 2 vascular strands; blade 2–4- pinnate, pinnae sides unequal, acroscopic pinnules more spreading, larger, more incised; veins free.
Sporangia: sori round; indusia hood-like, arched over sorus, attached on side away from margin, often obscure in mature sori.
± 20 species: generally temperate, a few at high elevations in tropics. (Greek: bladder fern, from indusia) Often confused with Woodsia (pinnae sides equal; more fragmented indusia encircling sorus base). Sole sp. of Cystopteris in CA highly polymorphic, may represent a sp. complex. Malformed spores produced by some plants, possibly indicative of hybridization, existence of different ploidal levels (numbers of chromosome sets).
Rhizome 2–4 mm diam; scales at tip, lanceolate, ± brown, shining, glabrous, entire.
Leaf: 8–30(37) cm; stipe generally < blade, < 1.5 mm wide, glabrous, base straw-colored to red-brown; blade generally 10–24 cm, 3–9 cm wide, lance- ovate, lowest 2–4 pinnae ± < others.
Sporangia: indusia generally ± white.
2n=168. Shady, moist rock crevices, meadows, streamsides; 50–4100 m. Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills, High Sierra Nevada, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges, Great Basin Floristic Province, Desert Mountains;
Previous taxon: Cystopteris
Next taxon: Woodsia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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