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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy. Stem: underground to erect; root fibrous or tuberous. Leaf: generally simple, entire, flat, cylindric, 3-angled, or scale-like, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; blade papillate, pubescent, or generally glabrous, often glaucous. Inflorescence: cyme or 1-flowered, generally terminal. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals (3)5(8), often unequal; petals 0 or many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear; stamens 1–many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1–20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0–20. Fruit: berry, nut, or generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile. Seed: 1–many per chamber, generally ovoid, arilled or not.
130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropics, especially southern Africa; many cultivated. [Hartmann 2002 Illus Handbook Succulent Plants Aizoaceae A-E (Vol 1) and F-Z (Vol 2). Springer; Vivrette et al. 2003 FNANM 4:75–91] Galenia pubescens (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Druce, a waif, may be naturalizing in southern California. —Scientific Editors: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Ferren et al. 1981 Madroño 28:80–85; Smith 1998 Mesembs of the World. Briza.]
Unabridged note: Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus (ovary glands convex, minute-crenate; stigmas dense-plumose; fruit chambers 5; seeds ovate, ± smooth), of tribe Ruschieae, an historical waif in California; Lampranthus coccineus (Haw.) N.E. Br.: (ovary glands fused; fruit chambers 5; seeds pear-shaped, ± black, rough), of Ruschieae, an historical waif or urban weed in California.
Key to Aizoaceae
Annual [perennial herb], mat-forming, glabrous. Stem: prostrate, branched. Leaf: opposite, petioled; stipule sheathing stem, scarious, fringed, attached to lower petiole margins. Inflorescence: 1-flowered, axillary; bracts fringed. Flower: calyx bell-shaped, sepals 4–5, unequal, scarious; petals 0; stamens generally 3, alternate sepals; ovary superior, ovoid to spheric, chamber 1, placenta free-central, styles, stigmas (1)2. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile. Seed: many; aril slender, persistent on placenta.
3 species: Caribbean, South America. (Greek: beehive)
Mats < 2 cm wide. Stem: slender, diffuse-branched from base. Leaf: pair unequal, axil of smaller with stem, flower, or generally both, with flower between main and axillary stem; blade ± = petiole, larger 5–10 mm, elliptic, obtuse. Flower: ± 2 mm diam; sepals ± 1.5 mm, erect, ovate, ± green, margin scarious, white. Fruit: 1.5 mm, ± spheric, thin-walled. Seed: ± 0.3 mm, round-reniform, smooth, brown.
Uncommon. Seasonally dry margins of wetlands; < 1500 m. North Coast Ranges, Great Central Valley, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges, Peninsular Ranges; to Nevada, southeastern United States; native to Caribbean, South America. Jul–Oct [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Cypselea
Next taxon: Delosperma
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Sep 2 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Cypselea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=21994, accessed on Sep 2 2015
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Cypselea humifusa|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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