|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub, tree [vine, cactus-like succulent]; monoecious or dioecious; sap clear or milky. Stem: generally branched [fleshy or spiny]. Leaf: generally simple, alternate to whorled, generally stipuled, sessile or petioled; blade entire, toothed, or lobed. Inflorescence: flowers solitary or in terminal or axillary cymes, racemes, spikes, or panicles, or (in Euphorbia) 1° inflorescence a compact, flower-like cyathium with much-reduced flowers enclosed within an involucre of fused bracts, cyathia terminal or axillary, 1 or in cyme-like arrays. Flower: unisexual, ± radial; sepals 0 or 2–6, free or fused; petals generally 0(5); stamens 1–many, free or filaments fused; ovary superior, chambers (1)3(4), styles free or fused, undivided, forked, or variously lobed. Fruit: generally capsule that splits into mericarps that then dehisce, releasing seeds. Seed: 1 per chamber; knob-like appendage sometimes present at attachment scar.
217 genera, 6000+ species: ± worldwide especially tropics; some cultivated (Aleurites, tung oil; Euphorbia species; Hevea, rubber; Ricinus). Many species ± highly TOXIC, due primarily to latex, especially if eaten or in contact with skin, eyes. [Yang et al. 2012 Taxon 61:764–789] Eremocarpus moved to Croton, Tetracoccus moved to Picrodendraceae for TJM2; Chamaesyce moved to Euphorbia here (key to genera revised by Thomas J. Rosatti). —Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Euphorbiaceae
Annual to shrub [tree]; sap clear or colored; monoecious or dioecious. Stem: spreading to erect. Leaf: cauline, alternate, entire in California; hairs generally stellate. Inflorescence: cyme, spike, or raceme, generally terminal. Staminate flower: generally pedicelled; sepals generally 5; petals 5 or 0; stamens 8–50(300), filaments free, bent inward in bud; nectar disk generally divided. Pistillate flower: pedicel short or 0, becoming longer in fruit; sepals generally 5, entire to lobed; petals generally 0; nectar disk entire; ovary 1–3-chambered, styles 2-lobed, ± dissected, or simple. Fruit: spheric or 3-lobed, smooth or tubercled. Seed: smooth to ribbed or pitted; scar appendaged.Key to Croton
1200–1300 species: tropics, warm temperate, worldwide. (Greek: tick, for resemblance of seed) [Berry et al. 2005 Amer J Bot 92:1520–1534]
Annual < 2 dm, < 8 dm wide, mound-like; monoecious. Stem: spreading to ascending. Leaf: petiole 1–5 cm; blade 1–6 cm, ovate, tip rounded. Staminate inflorescence: cyme, terminal. Pistillate inflorescence: cyme, axillary, proximal to staminate inflorescence; flowers 1–3. Staminate flower: pedicel 2–3 mm; receptacle finely bristly; sepals 5–6; petals 0; stamens 6–10. Pistillate flower: pedicel ± 0; sepals 0; glands below ovary 4–5; ovary 1-chambered, style 1, simple. Fruit: ± 4 mm diam. Seed: 1, 3–4 mm, smooth or ± ridged; scar not appendaged.
2n=20. Dry, open, often disturbed areas; < 1000 m. California Floristic Province, w Desert; to Washington. Herbage TOXIC to livestock, especially in hay. [Eremocarpus setiger (Hook.) Benth.] May–Oct [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Croton californicus
Next taxon: Croton wigginsii
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 24 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Croton, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=21159, accessed on Nov 24 2014
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Croton setiger|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month