|University of California, Berkeley|
|Directory News Site Map Home|
|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to shrub [(± tree-like or climbing)], fleshy. Leaf: generally simple, alternate or opposite, in dense to open, basal (or terminal) rosettes or basal and cauline, not in rosettes, reduced distally or not, margin often ± red. Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted. Flower: generally bisexual; sepals generally 3–5, generally ± free; petals generally 3–5, ± free or fused; stamens >> to = sepals, epipetalous or not; pistils generally 3–5, simple, fused at base or not, ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1–many, style 1. Fruit: follicles, generally 3–5. Seed: 1–many, small.
± 33 genera, ± 1400 species: ± worldwide, especially dry temperate; many cultivated for ornamental. [Eggli (ed.) 2003 Illus Handbook Succulent Plants 6 (Crassulaceae). Springer] Water-stressed plants often ± brown or ± red. Consistent terminology regarding leaves, bracts difficult; in taxa with rosettes (e.g., Aeonium, Dudleya, some Sedum), structures in rosettes are leaves, those on peduncles are bracts, and those subtending flowers are flower bracts; in taxa where inflorescence is terminal, rosette leaves may "become" bracts as stem rapidly elongates to form inflorescence. Seed numbers given per follicle. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Crassulaceae
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous (hairy). Stem: erect to decumbent, branched or not. Leaf: opposite, 0.1–7 cm, linear to deltate or obovate, bases fused, ± sheathing; margins generally entire. Inflorescence: terminal panicle or flowers 1 in axils of leaves, either 2 per node, axillary, or 1 per node, terminal but appearing axillary by overtopping of main axis. Flower: erect, sepals 3–5, ± fused at base; petals 3–5, spreading or recurved, free or ± fused at base; stamens = sepals in number; pistils 3–5. Fruit: spreading to erect. Seed: 0.2–0.6 mm, elliptic to elliptic-oblong (spheric, reniform), generally with longitudinal lines, sometimes ± smooth or papillate, red-brown.Key to Crassula
± 250 species: especially Africa, annual ± worldwide. (Latin: diminutive of thick) Crassula argentea Thunb., a synonym of Crassula ovata (Mill.) Druce, a waif.
Unabridged references: [Moran 1992 Cactus and Succulent Journal 64:223–231]
Annual, terrestrial. Stem: erect, 2–6(10) cm, branched or not, not rooting at nodes, red in age. Leaf: 1–3(6) mm, ovate to oblong; tip acute to rounded, without awn or point. Inflorescence: flowers (1)2 per node; pedicel 0.2–6 mm. Flower: parts generally in 4s; sepals 0.5–2 mm, lanceolate, acute to acuminate; petals generally < sepals, 0.6–1.2(1.5) mm, narrow-deltate. Fruit: ascending, ovoid. Seed: 1–2, elliptic, shiny, with ± wavy longitudinal lines at 20×.
2n=16. Open areas; < 1500 m. Northwestern California, Cascade Range Foothills, Sierra Nevada Foothills, Great Central Valley, Central Western California, Southwestern California, w Mojave Desert, Sonoran Desert; to Washington, southern British Columbia, Texas, northern Central America; also western South America. Locally abundant. Feb–May [Online Interchange]
Unabridged synonyms: [Crassula connata var. connata; Crassula connata var. erectoides M. Bywater & Wickens; Crassula connata var. eremica (Jeps.) M. Bywater & Wickens; Crassula connata var. subsimplex (S. Watson) M. Bywater & Wickens]
Previous taxon: Crassula colligata subsp. lamprosperma
Next taxon: Crassula multicava subsp. multicava
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jul 4 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Crassula, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=20582, accessed on Jul 4 2015
Copyright © 2014 Regents of the University of California
We encourage links to these pages, but the content may not be downloaded for reposting, repackaging, redistributing, or sale in any form, without written permission from The Jepson Herbarium.
See CalPhotos for additional images
© 2003 Steve Matson
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Crassula connata|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
View elevation by latitude chart
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
CCH collections by month