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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to shrub [(± tree-like or climbing)], fleshy.
Leaf: generally simple, alternate or opposite, in dense to open, basal (or terminal) rosettes or basal and cauline, not in rosettes, reduced distally or not, margin often ± red.
Inflorescence: generally cyme, generally bracted.
Flower: generally bisexual; sepals generally 3–5, generally ± free; petals generally 3–5, ± free or fused; stamens >> to = sepals, epipetalous or not; pistils generally 3–5, simple, fused at base or not, ovary 1-chambered, placenta 1, parietal, ovules 1–many, style 1.
Fruit: follicles, generally 3–5.
Seed: 1–many, small.
± 33 genera, ± 1400 species: ± worldwide, especially dry temperate; many cultivated for ornamental. [Eggli (ed.) 2003 Illus Handbook Succulent Plants 6 (Crassulaceae). Springer] Water-stressed plants often ± brown or ± red. Consistent terminology regarding leaves, bracts difficult; in taxa with rosettes (e.g., Aeonium, Dudleya, some Sedum), structures in rosettes are leaves, those on peduncles are bracts, and those subtending flowers are flower bracts; in taxa where inflorescence is terminal, rosette leaves may "become" bracts as stem rapidly elongates to form inflorescence. Seed numbers given per follicle. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Crassulaceae
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, glabrous (hairy).Key to Crassula
Stem: erect to decumbent, branched or not.
Leaf: opposite, 0.1–7 cm, linear to deltate or obovate, bases fused, ± sheathing; margins generally entire.
Inflorescence: terminal panicle or flowers 1 in axils of leaves, either 2 per node, axillary, or 1 per node, terminal but appearing axillary by overtopping of main axis.
Flower: erect, sepals 3–5, ± fused at base; petals 3–5, spreading or recurved, free or ± fused at base; stamens = sepals in number; pistils 3–5.
Fruit: spreading to erect.
Seed: 0.2–0.6 mm, elliptic to elliptic-oblong ( spheric, reniform), generally with longitudinal lines, sometimes ± smooth or papillate, red-brown.
± 250 species: especially Africa, annual ± worldwide. (Latin: diminutive of thick) Crassula argentea Thunb., a synonym of Crassula ovata (Mill.) Druce, a waif.
Unabridged references: [Moran 1992 Cactus and Succulent Journal 64:223–231]
Annual, generally aquatic or on wet substrates.
Stem: decumbent, ± erect if stranded, generally branched at base, rooting at nodes.
Leaf: 2–6 mm, oblanceolate to linear, tip acute.
Inflorescence: flower 1 per node, terminal; pedicel 0.5–20 mm.
Flower: parts in 4s; sepals ± 0.5–1.5 mm, ovate to oblong, rounded to obtuse; petals > sepals, 1–2 mm, ovate to oblong.
Fruit: erect, oblong, tip subtruncate; suture straight, abruptly outcurved in distal 1/4.
Seed: 6–17, elliptic-oblong, ± dull or shiny but not glistening as if wet, with ± regular, continuous, longitudinal lines at 20×.
2n=42. Salt marshes, vernal pools, margins of lakes, ponds; < 3000 m. North Coast, Cascade Range Foothills, Sierra Nevada Foothills, Great Central Valley, Central Western California, Southwestern California (except n Channel Islands);
Previous taxon: Crassula
Next taxon: Crassula colligata subsp. lamprosperma
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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