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Annual to perennial herb [shrub, tree], generally from taproot. Stem: generally ± scapose, generally ribbed, hollow. Leaf: basal and generally cauline, generally alternate; stipules generally 0; petiole base generally sheathing stem; blade generally much dissected, occasionally compound. Inflorescence: umbel or head, simple or compound, generally peduncled; bracts present in involucres or 0; bractlets generally present in "involucels". Flower: many, small, generally bisexual (or some staminate), generally radial (or outer bilateral); calyx 0 or lobes 5, small; petals 5, free, generally ovate or spoon-shaped, generally incurved at tips, generally ± ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-chambered, generally with a ± conic, persistent projection or platform at tip subtending 2 free styles. Fruit: 2 dry, 1-seeded halves (= mericarps), separating from each other but generally ± persistent to central axis; ribs on halves 5, 2 marginal, 3 to back; oil tubes 1–several per interval between ribs.
300 genera, 3000 species: ± worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for food or spice (e.g., Carum, caraway; Daucus; Petroselinum); Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem. is historical garden weed; some toxic (e.g., Conium). Mature fruit generally critical in identification, shape given in outline. Hydrocotyle moved to Araliaceae. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill is a waif. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Apiaceae
Annual, taprooted, glabrous. Stem: erect, branched. Leaf: blade oblong to ovate, ternately or pinnately lobed to pinnately dissected. Inflorescence: umbels compound, terminal and lateral; bracts 0; bractlets few, small; rays, pedicels few, spreading-ascending. Flower: marginal flowers bilateral, others radial; calyx lobes prominent, unequal; petals oblong, white or rosy, marginal 2-lobed, tips of all narrowed; styles elongate. Fruit: ± round; halves not separating readily; ribs thread-like, in a hard fruit wall; oil tubes 0; fruit axis divided to base. Seed: face concave.
1–2 species: Mediterranean, 1 widely cultivated. (Greek name for this anciently cultivated condiment)
Plant 2–8 dm. Leaf: basal clustered, 3–15 cm, oblong to ovate, ternately or pinnately lobed to 1-pinnate with leaflets 1–2 cm, ovate to round, petiole 2–10 cm; distal cauline ovate, pinnately dissected with segments 2–15 mm, thread-like to linear, petiole 0. Inflorescence: peduncles 0 or 3–10 cm; bractlets 2–4 mm, linear; rays 2–8, 1–2.5 cm; pedicels 2–5 mm. Flower: calyx lobes widely lanceolate. Fruit: 2.5–5 mm wide.
2n=22. Disturbed places, generally near gardens; generally < 1000 m. Inner North Coast Ranges, Sacramento Valley; to Mexico, tropical America; native to Mediterranean. May–Jul [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Coriandrum
Next taxon: Cyclospermum
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Jan 31 2015
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Coriandrum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=20349, accessed on Jan 31 2015
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© 1989 Arthur H. Bazell, M.D.
|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Coriandrum sativum|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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