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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [ shrub], occasionally aquatic.
Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like.
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1.
Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3–6(20), free, early- deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0–many, generally free; stamens generally 5–many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1–many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0–1, generally ± persistent as beak, ovules 1–many.
Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, ± utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1–many-seeded.
± 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially n temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). [Whittemore & Parfitt 1997 FNANM 3:85–271] Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Key to Ranunculaceae
Perennial, generally glabrous.
Stem: short, simple, stout, scaly.
Leaf: 1–2- ternate or - pinnate, basal, petioled.
Inflorescence: scapose, generally 1–4-flowered.
Flower: bisexual or some staminate; sepals 5–8, petal-like, early- deciduous; petals 5–7, clawed, club-like with nectary at tip, or linear with nectary near base; pistils 4–15, short-stalked.
Fruit: follicles, stalked, in umbel-like clusters, glabrous, walls papery, ± translucent.
Seed: tan to dark brown, shiny, generally appearing wrinkled.
± 10 species: temperate North America, e Asia. (Greek: cut, from leaves) Petals sometimes considered modified staminodes.
Plant 11–24 cm; rhizomes or stolons slender, pale brown.
Leaf: 3–8, generally 1(2)- ternate; leaflets ovate to triangular, terminal stalked or not, lobes generally 3, deeply, irregularly toothed to cut.
Inflorescence: peduncle 5–10 cm, < leaves, in fruit to 25 cm, > leaves; pedicels 1.5–3 cm, elongated in fruit.
Flower: sepals 6–11 mm, linear; petals 4–7 mm, claw ± thread-like, limb linear.
Fruit: 5–11, stalk 4–7 mm, body 8–13 mm.
Wet sites, seeps, streambanks, conifer forest; 500–2000 m. North Coast, w Klamath Ranges;
Previous taxon: Coptis
Next taxon: Delphinium
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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