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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
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Annual to tree, vine. Leaf: generally opposite (whorled), entire; stipules generally fused to stem, adjacent pairs occasionally fused, or occasionally leaf-like and appearing like whorled leaves. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, spike, cluster, or flower 1, generally terminal and ± axillary. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx ± 4(5)-lobed, occasionally 0 (Galium, Crucianella) or 6 (Sherardia); corolla generally radial, 4(5)-lobed; stamens epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes, generally included; ovary generally inferior, chambers generally 2 or 4, style 1(2). Fruit: drupe, berry, or 2 or 4 nutlets [capsule].
± 500 genera, 6000 species: worldwide, especially tropics; many cultivated, including Coffea, coffee; Cinchona, quinine; many ornamental. [Robbrecht & Manen 2006 Syst & Geogr Plant 76:85–146] Diodia teres Walter doubtfully in California. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Unabridged references: [Dempster 1979 Fl California 4(2):1–47]
Key to Rubiaceae
Shrub, tree; dioecious. Inflorescence: cyme, flowers 1–5. Flower: in cup from 2 partly fused bracts; calyx lobes 4–5; corolla tube funnel- to bell-shaped; ovary chambers 2; styles 2. Fruit: drupe, spheric, succulent; calyx generally persistent.
100–150 species: temperate & montane tropics Australasia, Pacific Islands, South America. (Greek: dung smell, from leaf odor of some species) [Heads 1996 Candollea 51:381–405]
Shrub or small tree < 8 m, erect to prostrate. Stem: stout, bark light brown, new stems hairy. Leaf: petiole 8–16 mm; blade 2–8 cm, 1.5–5 cm wide, glossy, dark green adaxially, paler abaxially, fleshy, broad-oblong, gland-like pits abaxially at midvein axils. Inflorescence: peduncle branched; flowers in short, compound cymes. Flower: corolla funnel-shaped. Fruit: ± 10 mm, orange-red.
Disturbed places, landscaped coastal bluff; < 50 m. Central Coast; native to New Zealand. Ornamental; habit varied, often prostrate on exposed cliffs. Feb–Nov WEEDINESS: Potentially problematic weed [Online Interchange]
Previous taxon: Coprosma
Next taxon: Crucianella
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 27 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Coprosma, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=20248, accessed on Nov 27 2014
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|Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Coprosma repens|| Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).
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