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Key to families | Table of families and genera

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RANUNCULACEAE BUTTERCUP FAMILY

Margriet Wetherwax & Dieter H. Wilken, family description, key to genera

Annual, perennial herb, woody vine [shrub], occasionally aquatic. Leaf: generally basal and cauline, alternate or opposite, simple or compound; petioles at base generally flat, occasionally sheathing or stipule-like. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; sepals 3–6(20), free, early-deciduous or withering in fruit, generally green; petals 0–many, generally free; stamens generally 5–many, staminodes generally 0; pistils 1–many, ovary superior, chamber 1, style 0–1, generally ± persistent as beak, ovules 1–many. Fruit: achene, follicle, berry, ± utricle in Trautvetteria, in aggregate or not, 1–many-seeded.
± 60 genera, 1700 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate, tropical mountains; many ornamental (Adonis, Aquilegia, Clematis, Consolida, Delphinium, Helleborus, Nigella). some highly TOXIC (Aconitum, Actaea, Delphinium, Ranunculus). [Whittemore & Parfitt 1997 FNANM 3:85–271] Taxa of Isopyrum in TJM (1993) moved to Enemion; Kumlienia moved to Ranunculus. —Scientific Editors: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.

Key to Ranunculaceae

CONSOLIDA LARKSPUR

Jason A. Koontz, Michael J. Warnock & Dieter H. Wilken

Annual, generally from taproot. Stem: erect, generally 1, branched or not. Leaf: deeply palmately or palmate-pinnately lobed or dissected, cauline merging into bracts distally. Inflorescence: raceme, terminal; pedicels spreading to ascending. Flower: bilateral; sepals 5, petal-like, white to pink or blue [violet], uppermost spurred, others generally clawed; petals 2, fused, generally 1–3-lobed, arched over stamens, color same as sepals or white, base with spur enclosed in uppermost sepal spur; pistil 1. Fruit: follicle 1, erect. Seed: brown [black], minutely scaly in rows.
± 40 species: Mediterranean Europe, Africa, Asia. (Latin: consolidate, from reported healing of wounds) Segregate of Delphinium.
Unabridged references: [Keener 1976 Castanea 41:12–20]

C. ajacis (L.) Schur
NATURALIZED
Plant ± puberulent except stem glabrous proximally. Stem: 45–100 cm. Leaf: short-petioled, segments 14–21, < 2 mm wide, linear. Inflorescence: flowers (3)8–21(60); pedicels 5–16 mm. Flower: lateral sepals 8–15 mm, spur 12–18 mm. Fruit: 9–18 mm, generally puberulent.
2n=16. Disturbed soils, generally a waif; < 300 m. Inner North Coast Ranges, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast, Western Transverse Ranges, Modoc Plateau; to eastern United States; native to Europe. [Consolida ambigua (L.) P.W. Ball & Heywood, misappl.] May–Jul [Online Interchange]

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Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2013. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on Nov 24 2014
Citation for this treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] 2013. Consolida, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=20161, accessed on Nov 24 2014

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Geographic subdivisions indicated for the distribution of Consolida ajacis Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.