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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy.
Stem: underground to erect; root fibrous or tuberous.
Leaf: generally simple, entire, flat, cylindric, 3-angled, or scale-like, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; blade papillate, pubescent, or generally glabrous, often glaucous.
Inflorescence: cyme or 1-flowered, generally terminal.
Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals (3)5(8), often unequal; petals 0 or many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear; stamens 1–many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1–20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0–20.
Fruit: berry, nut, or generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile.
Seed: 1–many per chamber, generally ovoid, arilled or not.
130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtrop, especially s Africa; many cultivated. [Hartmann 2002 Illus Handbook Succulent Plants Aizoaceae A-E (Vol 1) and F-Z (Vol 2). Springer; Vivrette et al. 2003 FNANM 4:75–91] Galenia pubescens (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Druce, a waif, may be naturalizing in s CA. —Scientific Editors: Bruce G. Baldwin, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Ferren et al. 1981 Madroño 28:80–85; Smith 1998 Mesembs of the World. Briza.]
Unabridged note: Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus (ovary glands convex, minute-crenate; stigmas dense-plumose; fruit chambers 5; seeds ovate, ± smooth), of tribe Ruschieae, an historical waif in CA; Lampranthus coccineus (Haw.) N.E. Br.: (ovary glands fused; fruit chambers 5; seeds pear-shaped, ± black, rough), of Ruschieae, an historical waif or urban weed in CA.
Key to Aizoaceae
Perennial, generally short lived; roots diffuse or tuberous.
Stem: caudex underground; annual shoots prostrate to ascending.
Leaf: basal rosetted; cauline generally alternate, linear, ± triangular in ×-section.
Inflorescence: 1-flowered, axillary; bracts 0.
Flower: 5–13 cm diam; sepals 5, ± unequal, wider at base, tip cylindric, basal margins of inner 3 papery; petals free, linear, yellow, ciliate in basal 1/2; stamens many, base hairy; ovary ± inferior, chambers 10–20, thread-like, sessile.
Fruit: capsule, opening by 10–20 flaps at conic top that do not spread when moistened, valves 10–20, separating, dehiscing tardily.
Seed: spheric, smooth.
2 species: s Africa. (Greek: cone-shaped)
Stem: caudex 1, < 30 cm, 1–2 cm diam.
Leaf: cauline crowded toward stem tip, 15–20 cm, 10–12 mm wide, gray-green, glabrous, adaxially grooved or flat.
Inflorescence: pedicel < 12 cm.
Flower: 5–8 cm diam, shiny yellow, lasting several days; odor unpleasant.
Seed: 1.5–1.8 mm.
2n=18. Uncommon. Sandy places, especially coastal dunes; < 100 m. Central Coast;
Previous taxon: Conicosia
Next taxon: Cypselea
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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