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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Perennial from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome.
Stem: underground or erect, branched or not.
Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled.
Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, ± umbel-like or not.
Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or ± fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or ± so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed.
Fruit: capsule or berry.
Seed: 3–many, flat or angled, brown to black.
16 genera, 635 species: n temperate. Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in CA. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North America species of Disporum now in Prosartes. —Scientific Editors: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Key to Liliaceae
Rhizome slender, spreading.Key to Clintonia
Leaf: ± basal, wide, cauline 0 or much reduced; petioles sheathing.
Inflorescence: scapose, umbel or flowers 1.
Flower: perianth cylindric to bell-shaped, parts in 2 similar, petal-like whorls, free, ascending to ± erect; stamens 6, fused to perianth, hairy near base [or not]; ovary superior, chambers 2–3, stigma obscurely 2–3-lobed.
Fruit: berry, ovoid, blue [or not].
Seed: 2–several, black.
6 species: w North America, eastern North America, Asia. (De Witt Clinton, naturalist, governor of NY, 1769–1828) [Hayashi et al. 2001 Plant Spec Biol 16:119–137]
Rhizome 1–3 mm diam.
Leaf: 2–3, 7–15 cm, 2–6 cm wide, oblanceolate to oblong or elliptic, ± hairy.
Inflorescence: peduncle 4–8 cm, hairy; bracts 1–2.
Flower: 18–22 mm; perianth parts not pouched at base.
Fruit: 6–10 mm.
n=14. Shaded conifer forest; 1000–1900 m. Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada;
Previous taxon: Clintonia andrewsiana
Next taxon: Erythronium
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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