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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to perennial herb; generally fleshy.
Stem: 1–many, generally glabrous.
Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite.
Inflorescence: axillary or terminal; cyme, raceme, panicle, umbel, or flower 1.
Flower: bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(9), free; petals (1)2–19, free or ± fused; stamens 1–many, epipetalous or not, anthers pink, rose, or yellow; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules 1–many, placenta basal or free-central; styles (0)1–8, generally fused at base, branched.
Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 2–3-valved.
Seed: 1–many, shiny or ± pebbly or sculptured, black or gray, generally with oil-filled appendage as food for ants.
± 22 genera, ± 230 species: generally temperate America, Asia, Australia, Eur, Kerguelen Is, New Zealand, s Africa, poorly represented in Eur; some cultivated (Lewisia, Calandrinia). [Ogburn & Edwards 2009 Amer J Bot 96:391–408] Details of flowers, seeds require 20× magnification. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Applequist et al. 2006 Syst Bot 31:310–319; Nyffeler et al. 2008 Haseltonia 14: 26–36]
Unabridged note: May include Hectorellaceae.
Key to Montiaceae
Annual [per], ± fleshy, from taproot or fibrous roots, generally glabrous.Key to Cistanthe
Stem: generally several, generally spreading to ascending.
Leaf: cauline [ basal and cauline], simple, linear to spoon-shaped, fleshy; basal rosetted.
Inflorescence: scapose, raceme, panicle, or umbel, bracts leaf-like or not; bracts generally < sepals, scarious; flowers generally on 1 side of axis, deciduous or not in fruit.
Flower: sepals 2, ovate, green, scarious-margined or not, persistent in fruit; petals 5, > sepals; stamens 5–10, anthers yellow; style 1, stigmas 3.
Fruit: 3-valved, ovoid.
Seed: 6–many, dull to shiny, black.
25–35 species: Am. (Greek: rockrose-flower) [Hershkovitz 2006 Gayana Bot 63:13–74]
Unabridged references: [Hershkovitz 1990 Phytologia 68:267–270; Hershkovitz 1991a Ann Missouri Bot Gard 78:1009–1021; Hershkovitz 1991b Phytologia 70:209–225; Hershkovitz 1992 Syst Bot 17:220–238; Hershkovitz & Zimmer 2000 Molec Phylogen Evol 15:419–439; Hinton 1975 Brittonia 27:197–208; Kelley et al. 2003 FNANM 4:460–464.]
Stem: spreading or ascending.
Leaf: 1–6 cm, obovate to spoon-shaped, flat.
Inflorescence: panicle, generally above leaves; bracts scarious; pedicel 5–15 mm, ± straight in fruit.
Flower: sepals 3–5 mm, glaucous, generally purple-veined; petals generally 5, 3–6 mm; stamens generally 5.
Fruit: generally > calyx.
Seed: 20–40, 0.5–1 mm wide, ± elliptic, smooth, dull gray, with short, white hairs, black.
Coastal scrub, sandy soil, sea bluffs; < 300 m. South Coast, Channel Islands;
Previous taxon: Cistanthe ambigua
Next taxon: Claytonia
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
| Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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