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Key to families | Table of families and genera
Indexes to all accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Annual to perennial herb; generally fleshy.
Stem: 1–many, generally glabrous.
Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite.
Inflorescence: axillary or terminal; cyme, raceme, panicle, umbel, or flower 1.
Flower: bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(9), free; petals (1)2–19, free or ± fused; stamens 1–many, epipetalous or not, anthers pink, rose, or yellow; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules 1–many, placenta basal or free-central; styles (0)1–8, generally fused at base, branched.
Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 2–3-valved.
Seed: 1–many, shiny or ± pebbly or sculptured, black or gray, generally with oil-filled appendage as food for ants.
± 22 genera, ± 230 species: generally temperate America, Asia, Australia, Eur, Kerguelen Is, New Zealand, s Africa, poorly represented in Eur; some cultivated (Lewisia, Calandrinia). [Ogburn & Edwards 2009 Amer J Bot 96:391–408] Details of flowers, seeds require 20× magnification. —Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Unabridged references: [Applequist et al. 2006 Syst Bot 31:310–319; Nyffeler et al. 2008 Haseltonia 14: 26–36]
Unabridged note: May include Hectorellaceae.
Key to Montiaceae
Annual [per], ± fleshy, from taproot or fibrous roots, generally glabrous.Key to Cistanthe
Stem: generally several, generally spreading to ascending.
Leaf: cauline [ basal and cauline], simple, linear to spoon-shaped, fleshy; basal rosetted.
Inflorescence: scapose, raceme, panicle, or umbel, bracts leaf-like or not; bracts generally < sepals, scarious; flowers generally on 1 side of axis, deciduous or not in fruit.
Flower: sepals 2, ovate, green, scarious-margined or not, persistent in fruit; petals 5, > sepals; stamens 5–10, anthers yellow; style 1, stigmas 3.
Fruit: 3-valved, ovoid.
Seed: 6–many, dull to shiny, black.
25–35 species: Am. (Greek: rockrose-flower) [Hershkovitz 2006 Gayana Bot 63:13–74]
Unabridged references: [Hershkovitz 1990 Phytologia 68:267–270; Hershkovitz 1991a Ann Missouri Bot Gard 78:1009–1021; Hershkovitz 1991b Phytologia 70:209–225; Hershkovitz 1992 Syst Bot 17:220–238; Hershkovitz & Zimmer 2000 Molec Phylogen Evol 15:419–439; Hinton 1975 Brittonia 27:197–208; Kelley et al. 2003 FNANM 4:460–464.]
Stem: spreading to erect.
Leaf: 1.5–6 cm, linear to ± spoon-shaped, ± cylindric.
Inflorescence: panicle of umbel-like clusters, compact; bracts scarious; pedicel 1–3 mm, straight in fruit.
Flower: sepals 2–5 mm, glabrous, margins white- scarious; petals 3–5, 2–5 mm; stamens 5–7(10).
Fruit: < calyx.
Seed: 6–15, 1–2 mm wide, ± elliptic to ovate, smooth, shiny, black.
Desert scrub, sandy to silty soil, often alkaline; < 1000 m. Desert;
Previous taxon: Cistanthe
Next taxon: Cistanthe maritima
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) [year] Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html [accessed on month, day, year]
Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on [month, day, year].
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|Bioregions in which taxon occurs||Red area (if present) is the part of the bioregion lying between the upper and lower elevation limits of the taxon;|
markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may have georeferencing or identification issues.
Chart based on elevation range in Manual and elevations and coordinates of CCH records.
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
Note: About half of the CCH records include both elevation and coordinates.
|Map made in collaboration with Scott Loarie. Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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